Sweat
A colorless transparent acidic fluid with a distinctive odor secreted by the small tubular sudoriferous (sweat) glands situated within the skin and under it in the subcutaneous tissue. The sweat glands discharge their fluid through tiny openings in the surface of the skin. Sweat contains fatty acids and mineral matter as well as a potent anti-infective agent dubbed dermicidin. The first antimicrobial agent discovered that is produced by cells in the skin, dermicidin is active against many different types of bacteria, including Escherichia coli (E. coli), Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus and the common fungus Candida albicans. Sweat is more politely called perspiration.
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Faye, 20th century pathologist. See Puchtler-S. stains. See Puchtler-S. stains.

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sweat 'swet vi, sweat or sweat·ed; sweat·ing to excrete moisture in visible quantities through the opening of the sweat glands: PERSPIRE
sweat n
1) the fluid excreted from the sweat glands of the skin: PERSPIRATION
2) abnormally profuse sweating often used in pl. <soaking \sweats>
sweaty adj, sweat·i·er; -est

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n.
the watery fluid secreted by the sweat gland. Its principal constituents in solution are sodium chloride and urea. The secretion of sweat is a means of excreting nitrogenous waste; at the same time it has a role in controlling the temperature of the body - the evaporation of sweat from the surface of the skin has a cooling effect. Therefore an increase in body temperature causes an increase in sweating. Other factors that increase the secretion of sweat include pain, nausea, nervousness, and drugs (diaphoretic). Sweating is reduced by colds, diarrhoea, and certain drugs. Anatomical name: sudor.

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(swet) 1. the liquid secreted by the sweat glands (glandulae sudoriferae), having a salty taste and a pH that varies from 4.5 to 7.5. That produced by the eccrine sweat glands is clear with a faint characteristic odor, and contains water, sodium chloride, and traces of albumin, urea, and other compounds; its composition varies according to factors such as fluid intake, external temperature and humidity, and some hormonal activity. Sweat produced by the larger, deeper, apocrine sweat glands of the axillae contains, in addition, organic material which on bacterial decomposition produces a strong odor. Called also perspiration. Cf. diaphoresis. 2. to secrete this fluid.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • sweat — [swet] vi. sweat or sweated, sweating [ME sweten < OE swætan < swat, sweat, akin to Ger schweissen < IE base * sweid , to sweat > Gr hidros, L sudor, sweat] 1. to give forth a characteristic salty moisture through the pores of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Sweat — Sweat, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Sweat} or {Sweated} (Obs. {Swat}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Sweating}.] [OE. sweten, AS. sw[ae]tan, fr. sw[=a]t, n., sweat; akin to OFries. & OS. sw[=e]t, D. zweet, OHG. sweiz, G. schweiss, Icel. sviti, sveiti, Sw. svett, Dan …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sweat — Sweat, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Sweat} or {Sweated} (Obs. {Swat}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Sweating}.] [OE. sweten, AS. sw[ae]tan, fr. sw[=a]t, n., sweat; akin to OFries. & OS. sw[=e]t, D. zweet, OHG. sweiz, G. schweiss, Icel. sviti, sveiti, Sw. svett, Dan …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sweat — ► NOUN 1) moisture exuded through the pores of the skin, especially as a reaction to heat, physical exertion, or anxiety. 2) informal a state of anxiety or distress. 3) informal hard work or a laborious undertaking. ► VERB (past and past part.… …   English terms dictionary

  • Sweat — Sweat, n. [Cf. OE. swot, AS. sw[=a]t. See {Sweat}, v. i.] 1. (Physiol.) The fluid which is excreted from the skin of an animal; the fluid secreted by the sudoriferous glands; a transparent, colorless, acid liquid with a peculiar odor, containing… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sweat — Sweat, v. t. 1. To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire; as, his physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics. [1913 Webster] 2. To emit or suffer to flow from the pores; to exude. [1913 Webster] It made… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sweat — (v.) O.E. swætan perspire, work hard. The noun is from O.E. swat sweat (which became M.E. swote, but altered under the influence of the verb), from P.Gmc. *swaita (Cf. O.S., O.Fris. swet, O.N. sveiti, Dan. sved sweat, Swed. svett, M.Du. sweet, Du …   Etymology dictionary

  • sweat — sweat; sweat·er; sweat·ered; sweat·ful; sweat·i·ly; sweat·i·ness; sweat·less; …   English syllables

  • Sweat — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Keith Sweat (* 1961), US amerikanischer Sänger, Liedschreiber und Musikproduzent Lorenzo De Medici Sweat (1818–1898), US amerikanischer Politiker Sweat bezeichnet: ein Lied von Snoop Dogg aus dem Jahr 2010 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sweat — Álbum de Nelly Lanzado 2004 Grabado: 2004 Género Rap Sello Universal Records Puesto Billboard …   Wikipedia Español

  • sweat — shirt [ switʃɶrt; swɛtʃɶrt ] n. m. • 1939; mot angl. « survêtement d athlète », de sweat « sueur » et shirt « chemise » ♦ Anglic. Pull over de sport en coton molletonné ou en tissu éponge, ras le cou ou à col montant, terminé à la taille et aux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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