Syndrome, Edwards
This is trisomy 18 syndrome. There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low birth weight, small head (microcephaly), small jaw (micrognathia), malformations of the heart and kidneys, clenched fists with abnormal finger positioning, and malformed feet. The mental retardation is profound with the IQ too low to even test. Nineteen out of 20 (95%) of these children die before their first birthday. The condition is named after the British physician and geneticist John Edwards who discovered the extra chromosome in 1960.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Edwards — may refer to:People: See Edwards (surname) * Edwards family, a prominent family from ChilePlacesAustralia*Edwards Beach, New South Wales *Edwards Islet, TasmaniaUnited States*Edwards, Arkansas *Edwards, California *Edwards, Colorado *Edwards,… …   Wikipedia

  • Edwards syndrome — Edwards syndrome. См. синдром Эдвардса. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Edwards syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = Trisomy 18 Caption = Chromosome 18 DiseasesDB = 13378 ICD10 = ICD10|Q|91|0|q|90 ICD10|Q|91|3|q|90 ICD9 = ICD9|758.2 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = ped eMedicineTopic = 652 MeshID = Trisomy 18 or Edwards… …   Wikipedia

  • Edwards-Syndrom — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 Q91.0 Trisomie 18, meiotische Non disjunction Q91.1 Trisomie 18, Mosaik (mitotische Non disjunction) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edwards syndrome — This is trisomy 18 syndrome. There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low… …   Medical dictionary

  • Syndrome d'Edwards — Trisomie 18 Le syndrome d’Edwards, aussi appelé trisomie 18, est une maladie chromosomique congénitale provoquée par la présence d un chromosome surnuméraire pour la 18e paire. Ce syndrome malformatif entraîne la plupart du temps une mort précoce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Syndrome, trisomy 18 — There are three instead of the normal two chromosomes #18. Children with this condition have multiple malformations and mental retardation due to the extra chromosome #18. The children characteristically have low birth weight, small head… …   Medical dictionary

  • syndrome — The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, tumultuous concourse; (in med.) a concurrence of symptoms, fr. syn,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Edwards' syndrome — a condition resulting from a genetic abnormality in which an extra chromosome is present there are three no. 18 chromosomes instead of the usual two. Affected babies, who rarely survive, have a characteristic abnormally shaped head, low birth… …   Medical dictionary

  • Edwards syndrome — extra chromosome 18 material resulting in elongated skull, ears set low, recessed chin and premature death (named for John H Edwards) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

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