Syndrome, toxic shock
A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women using tampons, toxic shock is characterized by a highly toxic state (with sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aching) followed by low blood pressure (hypotension) which can lead to shock (and death). There may be a rash resembling sunburn with peeling of skin. The Channing Laboratory in Boston under Dr. Edw. Kass discovered that toxic shock was due to a toxin produced by Staph (Staphylococcus) aureus bacteria growing under conditions with little or no oxygen. The syndrome occurs rarely in women not using tampons and in men.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toxic shock — See Toxic shock syndrome. * * * toxic shock n TOXIC SHOCK SYNDROME …   Medical dictionary

  • Toxic shock syndrome toxin — (TSST) is a superantigen produced by somewhere between 5% and 25% of Staphylococcus aureus isolates. It causes toxic shock syndrome by stimulating the release of large amounts of interleukin 1, interleukin 2 and tumour necrosis factor. In general …   Wikipedia

  • toxic shock syndrome — n. a disease, esp. of young menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons, characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and, often, shock and caused by a toxin releasing bacterium (Staphylococcus aureus) …   English World dictionary

  • toxic shock syndrome — toxic shock .syndrome n [U] a serious illness that causes a high temperature and is thought to be connected with the use of ↑tampons …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • toxic shock syndrome — toxic shock ,syndrome noun uncount a serious illness that can be connected to the use of TAMPONS …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • toxic shock syndrome — ► NOUN ▪ acute septicaemia in women, typically caused by bacterial infection from a retained tampon or IUD …   English terms dictionary

  • Toxic shock syndrome — Infobox Disease DiseasesDB = 13187 ICD10 = ICD10|A|48|3|a|30 ICD9 = ICD9|040.82 ICDO = OMIM = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 2292 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|emerg|600 eMedicine2|derm|425 eMedicine2|ped|2269 MeshID = D012772 Caption = |… …   Wikipedia

  • Toxic shock syndrome — A grave condition occurring predominantly in menstruating women using tampons, toxic shock is characterized by a highly toxic state (with sudden high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aching) followed by low blood pressure (hypotension) which can …   Medical dictionary

  • toxic shock syndrome — noun syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using… …   Useful english dictionary

  • toxic shock syndrome — Pathol. a rapidly developing, sometimes fatal infection characterized by sudden onset of fever, gastrointestinal upsets, a sunburnlike rash, and a drop in blood pressure: caused by a Staphylococcus aureus toxin and occurring esp. in menstruating… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”