Autosome
A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome. In other words, any one of the chromosomes save the sex chromosomes. People normally have 22 pairs of autosomes in every cell (together with two sex chromosomes — an X and a Y in the male and two Xs in the female — for a total of 46 chromosomes). The term "autosome" was coined by Montgomery in 1906.
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Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; autosomes normally occur in pairs in somatic cells and singly in gametes. SYN: euchromosome. [auto- + G. soma, body]

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au·to·some 'ȯt-ə-.sōm n a chromosome other than a sex chromosome called also nonsex chromosome compare ALLOSOME
au·to·so·mal .ȯt-ə-'sō-məl adj
au·to·so·mal·ly -mə-lē adv

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n.
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome and occurs in pairs in diploid cells.
autosomal adj.

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au·to·some (awґto-sōm) [auto- + -some] any of the chromosomes other than the pair of sex chromosomes; in humans there are 22 pairs of autosomes. autosomal adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • autosome — [ otozom ] n. m. • 1936; de auto et (chromo)some ♦ Biol. Tout chromosome non sexuel. Autosomes et hétérochromosomes. ● autosome nom masculin Chromosome dont les informations génétiques n interviennent pas dans la détermination du sexe. autosome n …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • autosome — autosome. См. эухромосома. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • autosome — coined 1906 by U.S. cytologist T.H. Montgomery (1873 1912), from AUTO (Cf. auto ) + Gk. soma body. Related: Autosomal …   Etymology dictionary

  • autosome — [ôt′ə sōm΄] n. [ AUTO + (CHROMO)SOME] any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; specif., either of a pair of like chromosomes in a diploid cell autosomal [ôt′əsō′məl] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Autosome — An autosome is a non sex chromosome. It is an ordinarily paired [In the case of higher ploidy levels than the usual diploid, there will be the same number of an autosome as the ploidy level itself. For example, in a pentaploid, there will be five …   Wikipedia

  • autosome — noun Date: circa 1906 a chromosome other than a sex chromosome • autosomal adjective • autosomally adverb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Autosome — Chromosomes homologues Des chromosomes homologues (une paire de chromosomes homologues forment un bivalent) sont des chromosomes appartenant à la même paire, de même taille possédant les mêmes gènes mais pas obligatoirement les mêmes allèles.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • autosome — n. [Gr. autos, self; soma, body] Any chromosome other than a sex chromosome; euchromosome; see allosome …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • autosome — autosomal, adj. autosomally, adv. /aw teuh sohm /, n. Genetics. any chromosome other than a sex chromosome. Also called euchromosome. [1905 10; AUTO 1 + SOME3] * * * …   Universalium

  • autosome — noun /ˈɔːtəsəʊm/ Any chromosome other than sex chromosomes …   Wiktionary

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