Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome
A disorder of the temporomandibular joint(s) that causes pain, usually in front of the ear(s), sometimes in the form of a headache. Pain in the TMJ can be due to trauma, such as a blow to the face; inflammatory or degenerative arthritis, or poor dental work or structural defects that push the mandible back towards the ears whenever the patient chews or swallows. Grinding or clenching the teeth due to stress is a frequent culprit. Sometimes muscles around the TMJ used for chewing can go into spasm, causing head and neck pain, and difficulty opening the mouth normally. Treatment depends on the cause and severity of the problem, and can range from a mouth guard or medication to prevent nighttime tooth-grinding, to surgery.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Temporomandibular joint disorder — Classification and external resources Temporomandibular joint ICD 10 K07.6 …   Wikipedia

  • Temporomandibular joint — Infobox Anatomy Name = Temporomandibular joint Latin = articulatio temporomandibularis GraySubject = 75 GrayPage = 297 Caption = Articulation of the mandible. Lateral aspect. Caption2 = Articulation of the mandible. Medial aspect. Precursor =… …   Wikipedia

  • temporomandibular joint syndrome — n a group of symptoms that may include pain or tenderness in the temporomandibular joint or surrounding muscles, headache, earache, neck, back, or shoulder pain, limited jaw movement, or a clicking or popping sound in the jaw and that are caused… …   Medical dictionary

  • TMJ syndrome — Disorder of the temporo mandibular joint(s) causing pain usually in front of the ear(s). * * * TMJ syndrome .tē (.)em jā n TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT SYNDROME * * * [temporomandibular joint] temporomandibular disorder …   Medical dictionary

  • temporomandibular joint syndrome — noun : a group of symptoms that may include pain in the temporomandibular joint, headache, earache, neck, back, or shoulder pain, limited jaw movement, or a clicking or popping sound in the jaw and that are caused either by dysfunction of the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • temporomandibular joint syndrome — Pathol. a condition attributed to tension in or faulty articulation of the temporomandibular joint, having a wide range of symptoms that include dizziness, ringing in the ears, and pain in the head, neck, and shoulders. Also called TMJ syndrome.… …   Universalium

  • TMJ syndrome. — See temporomandibular joint syndrome. * * * …   Universalium

  • TMJ syndrome. — See temporomandibular joint syndrome …   Useful english dictionary

  • TMJ — Tempero mandibular joint, the joint that hinges the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull. * * * Colloquial abbreviation for temporomandibular joint dysfunction. * * * temporomandibular joint; trapeziometacarpal joint * * * TMJ abbr temporomandibular …   Medical dictionary

  • TMJ —    The temporomandibular joint. These are the two joints that connect the jawbone to the skull under the zygomatic arch. TMJ syndrome involves pain in the joint, clicking in the joint from degradation of the sinovial fluids, and sharp, shooting… …   Herbal-medical glossary

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