Test, Pap
A screening test for cervical cancer based on the examination under the microscope of cells collected from the cervix, smeared on a slide and specially stained to reveal premalignant (before cancer) and malignant (cancer) changes as well as changes due to noncancerous conditions such as inflammation from infections. Also called a Pap smear. The Pap technique was developed by and named after George Papanicolaou (1883-1962), a Greek-born physician and scientist who moved to the U.S. In 1923, while looking at vaginal smears from women with cervical cancer, Papanicolaou saw cancer cells. After two decades of research on this subject, he reported in 1943 that both cervical and uterine cancer could be detected in their early stages with this test that has, since its inception, saved innumerable lives.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Тест Папаниколау, Метод Папаниколау (Papanicolaou Test, Pap Test) — см. Мазок цервикальный. Источник: Медицинский словарь …   Медицинские термины

  • Pap smear — pap n a method or a test based on it for the early detection of cancer esp. of the uterine cervix that involves staining exfoliated cells by a special technique which differentiates diseased tissue called also Papanicolaou smear, Papanicolaou… …   Medical dictionary

  • Pap test — ☆ Pap test [pap ] n. [after G. Papanicolaou (1883 1962), U.S. anatomist] the microscopic examination of cells taken as a smear (Pap smear) from the cervix of a woman, used as a test for uterine cancer in its early, curable stage …   English World dictionary

  • Pap smear — noun a sample of secretions and superficial cells of the uterine cervix and uterus; examined with a microscope to detect any abnormal cells • Syn: ↑cervical smear, ↑Papanicolaou smear • Hypernyms: ↑smear, ↑cytologic smear, ↑cytosmear • …   Useful english dictionary

  • test — I n. examination, set of questions 1) to administer, conduct, give a test 2) to draw up, make up, set (BE) a test 3) to take a test 4) to fail; pass a test 5) a demanding, difficult; easy test 6) an achievement; aptitude; intelligence; loyalty… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • test — Synonyms and related words: Bernreuter personality inventory, Binet Simon test, Brown personality inventory, Goldstein Sheerer test, IQ, IQ test, Kent mental test, Minnesota preschool scale, Olympic games, Olympics, Oseretsky test, Pap test,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Pap smear — noun Etymology: George N. Papanicolaou died 1962 American medical scientist Date: 1952 a method for the early detection of cancer especially of the uterine cervix that involves the staining of exfoliated cells using a special technique which… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Pap test — Intervention ICD 9 CM 795.00 …   Wikipedia

  • Pap test — /pap/ 1. a test for cancer of the cervix, consisting of the staining of cervical cells taken in a cervical or vaginal smear (Pap smear or pap smear) for examination of exfoliated cells. 2. a vaginal Pap smear used to evaluate estrogen levels. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Pap test — Pap′ (or pap′) test [[t]pæp[/t]] n. 1) med a test for cancer of the cervix, consisting of the staining of cells taken in a cervical or vaginal smear(Pap′(or pap′) smear )for examination of exfoliated cells 2) med a vaginal Pap smear used to… …   From formal English to slang

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