Thyroidectomy
The surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland. Subtotal thyroidectomy, the more commonly performed operation, involves removal of only a part of the gland. This procedure may be done to: {{}}Remove a tumor from the thyroid, Reduce the mass of a goitrous (enlarged) thyroid gland, or Treat hyperthyroidism (excess production of thyroid hormone). The goal in the case of hyperthyroidism is to leave just enough thyroid tissue to make a normal amount of thyroid hormone. If too much thyroid is removed, the patient will produce too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) and need treatment to return the thyroid status to normal (euthyroid) status. The possible complications of thyroid surgery include vocal cord paralysis and accidental removal of the parathyroid glands (located behind the thyroid gland), resulting in low calcium levels (the parathyroid glands regulate calcium). Subtotal thyroidectomy is appropriate in some people with hyperthyroidism, especially those with a large goiter, and it may also be indicated in cases with a coexistent thyroid nodule whose nature is unclear. The patient is treated with an antithyroid drug until euthyroidism has been achieved and inorganic iodide is also usually administered for seven days before surgery to "cool down" the overactive thyroid gland. In surgical centers with the most experience, hyperthyroidism is cured in more than 98% of cases with low rates of complications. Surgery is more costly than nonsurgical therapy of hyperthyroidism (with an antithyroid drug or radioactive iodine).
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Removal of the thyroid gland. [thyroid + G. ektome, excision]
- “chemical” t. jargon for the reduction of thyroid function produced by the administration of antithyroid drugs. SEE ALSO: radiothyroidectomy.
- near-total t. removal of nearly all of each thyroid lobe leaving unresected only a small portion of gland adjacent to the entrance of the recurrent laryngeal nerve into the larynx.
- subtotal t. removal of at least one thyroid lobe and up to a near-total t..

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thy·roid·ec·to·my .thī-.rȯid-'ek-tə-mē, -rəd- n, pl -mies surgical excision of thyroid gland tissue

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n.
surgical removal of the thyroid gland. In partial thyroidectomy, only the diseased part of the gland is removed; in subtotal thyroidectomy, a method of treating thyrotoxicosis, the surgeon removes 90% of the gland.

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thy·roid·ec·to·my (thi″roid-ekґtə-me) [thyroid + -ectomy] 1. surgical removal of the thyroid gland. 2. ablation of thyroid function.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thyroidectomy — Intervention ICD 9 CM 06.3 06.5 MeSH …   Wikipedia

  • thyroidectomy — [thī΄roi dek′tə mē] n. pl. thyroidectomies the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland …   English World dictionary

  • thyroidectomy — n. surgical removal of the thyroid gland. In partial thyroidectomy, only the diseased part of the gland is removed; in subtotal thyroidectomy, a method of treating thyrotoxicosis, the surgeon removes 90% of the gland …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • thyroidectomy — noun (plural mies) Date: 1889 surgical removal of thyroid gland tissue • thyroidectomized adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • thyroidectomy — /thuy roy dek teuh mee/, n., pl. thyroidectomies. Surg. excision of all or a part of the thyroid gland. [1885 90; THYROID + ECTOMY] * * * …   Universalium

  • thyroidectomy — noun The surgical removal of the thyroid gland. See Also: thyroidectomize, thyroidectomized …   Wiktionary

  • thyroidectomy — n. surgical removal of the thyroid gland …   English contemporary dictionary

  • thyroidectomy — thy·roid·ec·to·my …   English syllables

  • thyroidectomy — thy•roid•ec•to•my [[t]ˌθaɪ rɔɪˈdɛk tə mi[/t]] n. pl. mies srg surgical excision of all or a part of the thyroid gland • Etymology: 1885–90 …   From formal English to slang

  • thyroidectomy — /θaɪrɔɪdˈɛktəmi/ (say thuyroyd ektuhmee) noun (plural thyroidectomies) excision of the whole or a part of the thyroid gland …   Australian English dictionary

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