Toxemia
A condition in pregnancy, also known as pre-eclampsia (or preeclampsia) characterized by abrupt hypertension (a sharp rise in blood pressure), albuminuria (leakage of large amounts of the protein albumin into the urine) and edema (swelling) of the hands, feet, and face. Pre-eclampsia is the most common complication of pregnancy. It affects about 5% of pregnancies. It occurs in the third trimester (the last third) of pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia occurs most frequently in first pregnancies. It is more common in women who have diabetes or who are carrying twins. Some women seem to have a strong tendency to develop the disease and suffer from pre-eclampsia with every pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia is more common in daughters of women who have been affected; in many cases the disease tends to run in families. Pre-eclampsia can be a sign of serious problems. It may, for example, indicate that the placenta is detaching from the uterus. In some cases, untreated pre-eclampsia can progress to eclampsia, a life-threatening situation for both mother and fetus characterized by coma and seizures. Treatment is by bed rest and sometimes medication. If that treatment is ineffective, the induction of labor and delivery or a C-section may have to be considered. Pre-eclampsia always resolves a short time after the baby is born.
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1. Clinical manifestations observed during certain infectious diseases, assumed to be caused by toxins and other noxious substances elaborated by the infectious agent; in certain infections by Gram-negative bacteria, endotoxins probably play a role when the bacterial cell wall breaks down, releasing a complex lipopolysaccharide; however, the role of other bacterial substances is unclear, except in the case of the specific exotoxins such as those of diphtheria and tetanus. 2. The clinical syndrome caused by toxic substances in the blood. 3. A lay term referring to the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. SYN: toxicemia. [G. toxikon, poison, + haima, blood]

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tox·e·mia or chiefly Brit tox·ae·mia täk-'sē-mē-ə n an abnormal condition associated with the presence of toxic substances in the blood: as
a) a generalized intoxication due to absorption and systemic dissemination of bacterial toxins from a focus of infection
b) intoxication due to dissemination of toxic substances (as some by-products of protein metabolism) that cause functional or organic disturbances (as in the kidneys)
tox·e·mic or chiefly Brit tox·ae·mic -mik adj

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tox·emia (tok-seґme-ə) [tox- + -emia] any condition resulting from the spread of toxins or toxic bacterial products by the bloodstream. toxemic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • toxemia — f. intox. Estado morboso provocado por la presencia de toxinas de origen endógeno o exógeno, en la sangre, especialmente de aquellas que no pueden ser eliminados por los órganos excretores. Medical Dictionary. 2011. toxemia …   Diccionario médico

  • Toxemia — is a generic term for the presence of toxins in the blood. It may refer to: * Bacteremia, bacterial toxins in the blood * Pre eclampsia, a serious condition in pregnancy, one symptom of which is abnormal protein metabolism. Symptoms of Toxemia… …   Wikipedia

  • toxemia — (n.) also toxaemia, 1860, from toxo (before vowels tox , comb. form of Gk. toxon (see TOXIC (Cf. toxic)) + Gk. haima blood (see EMIA (Cf. emia)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • toxemia — |cs| s. f. 1. Natureza séptica do sangue. 2. Intoxicação do sangue …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • toxemia — f. Med. Presencia de toxinas en la sangre …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • toxemia — [täk sē′mē ə] n. [ModL: see TOXIC & EMIA] a condition in which poisonous substances are spread throughout the body by the bloodstream, esp. toxins produced by pathogenic bacteria or by cells of the body: also sp. toxaemia toxemic [täks ē′mik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Toxemia — La toxemia es un trastorno del organismo causado por la presencia de toxinas en la sangre. Puede referirse a: Bacteremia o septicemia, presencia de toxinas de microorganismos en la sangre. Preeclampsia o toxemia en el embarazo, una complicación… …   Wikipedia Español

  • toxemia — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Conjunto de accidentes provocados por la presencia de toxinas en la sangre. * * * toxemia (del gr. «toxikón», veneno, y « emia») f. Med. Conjunto de trastornos producidos en la sangre por toxinas. * * * toxemia. f.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • -toxemia — Autotoxaemia Au to*tox*[ae] mi*a, toxemia tox*e mi*a, n. [NL. See {Auto }, and {Tox[ae]mia}.] (Physiol.) Self intoxication. See {Auto intoxication}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • toxemia — /tok see mee euh/, n. Pathol. 1. blood poisoning resulting from the presence of toxins, as bacterial toxins, in the blood. 2. See toxemia of pregnancy. Also, toxaemia. [1855 60; TOX + EMIA] * * * …   Universalium

  • toxemia — {{#}}{{LM T38203}}{{〓}} {{[}}toxemia{{]}} ‹to·xe·mia› {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Presencia generalizada de sustancias tóxicas en la sangre. {{★}}{{\}}ETIMOLOGÍA:{{/}} De la raíz de tóxico y emia (sangre) …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

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