Transfer RNA (tRNA)
A class of RNA that has triplet nucleotide sequence complementary to the triplet nucleotide coding sequences of messenger RNA (mRNA). The role of tRNAs is to bond with amino acids and transfer them to the ribosomes, where proteins are assembled according to the genetic code carried by mRNA

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • transfer RNA — n a relatively small RNA that transfers a particular amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation called also adapter RNA, soluble RNA, tRNA compare MESSENGER RNA …   Medical dictionary

  • Transfer-RNA — Transfer RNA, tRNA, niedermolekulare, nicht an Proteine gebundene Form der ⇒ Ribonucleinsäure im Cytoplasma; überträgt Aminosäuren bei der Proteinsynthese. Der Anteil der tRNA an der Gesamt RNA der Zelle liegt bei 10–15%, die… …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Transfer RNA — The interaction of tRNA and mRNA in protein synthesis tRNA Identifiers Symbol tRNA …   Wikipedia

  • Transfer-RNA — Trans|fer RNA: Abk. für ↑ Transfer Ribonukleinsäure. * * * Transfer RNA,   tRNA, eine Ribonukleinsäure (Nukleinsäuren) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Transfer RNA — tRNA ist die Kurzform für transfer RNA. Transfer RNAs sind kurze Ribonukleinsäuren (RNA). Die Länge reifer tRNAs liegt in der Regel zwischen 73 und 95 Nukleotiden. Sie vermitteln bei der Translation die richtige Aminosäure zum entsprechenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Transfer RNA-like structures — (tRNA like structures) are RNA sequences, which have a similar tertiary structure to tRNA, but contain a pseudoknot close to the 3 endcite journal |author=Dreher TW |title=Role of tRNA like structures in controlling plant virus replication… …   Wikipedia

  • transfer RNA — (tRNA) A small RNA that binds an amino acid and delivers it to the ribosome for incorporation into a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • transfer RNA — noun RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell… …   Useful english dictionary

  • transfer RNA — n. gen any of a class of small, cloverleaf forms of RNA that transfer unattached amino acids in the cell cytoplasm to the ribosomes for protein synthesis Abbr.: tRNA Etymology: 1960–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • transfer RNA — noun Date: 1961 a relatively small RNA that transfers a particular amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation called also tRNA compare messenger RNA …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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