Transjugular, intrahepatic, portosystemic shunt (TIPS)
A shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic vein which carries blood from the liver back to the heart. It is used primarily (but not exclusively) in patients with cirrhosis in which the scar tissue within the liver has blocked the flow of blood passing through the liver from the portal vein to the hepatic vein. The blockage increases the pressure in the portal vein leading to an increase in pressure in the portal vein (portal hypertension). As a result of the increase in pressure, blood flows around the liver via small, unimportant veins that connect the portal vein with other veins within the abdomen. These veins enlarge and are referred to as varices. Unfortunately, one of the places varices form is in the stomach and lower esophagus, and these varices have a tendency to bleed massively, frequently causing death from exsanguination. By providing an artificial path for blood traveling from the intestines, through the liver, and back to the heart, TIPS reduces the pressure in the varices and prevents them from rupturing and bleeding. There are several types of shunts that are placed surgically. TIPS is a non-surgical way of placing a portosystemic shunt. The shunt is passed down the jugular vein in the neck by a radiologist using x-ray guidance. The shunt then is inserted between the portal and hepatic veins within the liver.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt — Interventions infobox Name = PAGENAME Caption = ICD10 = ICD9 = 39.1 MeshID = OtherCodes = A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, also TIPS, is an artificial channel in the liver from the portal vein to a hepatic vein (for blood). It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt — A shunt that allows blood from the portal circulation (that supplies the liver) to flow into the systemic (general) circulation. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt involves catheterization of a hepatic (liver) vein by the transjugular… …   Medical dictionary

  • Shunt, transjugular, intrahepatic, portosystemic (TIPS) — A shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic vein which carries blood from the liver back to the heart. It is used primarily (but not exclusively) in patients with cirrhosis in …   Medical dictionary

  • TIPS — (auch: TIPSS) ist die Abkürzung für einen transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen (Stent )Shunt und bezeichnet eine minimal invasiv geschaffene Verbindung zwischen der Pfortader und der Lebervene durch die Leber hindurch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TIPS — stands for transjugular, intrahepatic, portosystemic shunt. It is a shunt (tube) placed between the portal vein which carries blood from the intestines to the liver and the hepatic vein which carries blood from the liver back to the heart. It is… …   Medical dictionary

  • TIPS — • Transjugular Intrahepatic Portacaval Shunt [study]; • transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

  • Tips — may refer to: *A gratuity left by the guest(s). *Tips Industries, an Indian based music company and Bollywood production house.TIPS is an acronym that can refer to:*Taxpayers for Improving Public Safety, an organization supporting issues such as… …   Wikipedia

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  • Shunt intra-hépatique par voie transjugulaire — Un shunt intra hépatique par voie transjugulaire (en anglais Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt communément abrégé en TIPS ou TiPSS) est un canal artificiel créé dans le foie entre la veine porte et une veine sus hépatique. Il est créé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shunt — 1) To move a body fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid, from one place to another. 2) A catheter (tube) that carries cerebrospinal fluid from a ventricle in the brain to another area of the body. A shunt may be placed to relieve pressure from… …   Medical dictionary

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