Translation
To go from RNA to protein, translation is needed. Translation is the process by which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA (mRNA) directs the production of proteins from amino acids.
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1. A change or conversion into another form. 2. The rather complex process by which messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and ribosomes effect the production of protein from amino acid s, the specificity of synthesis being controlled by the base sequences of the messenger RNA. 3. In dentistry, the movement of a tooth through alveolar bone without change in axial inclination. [L. translatio, a transferring, fr. transfero pp. -latus, to carry across]
- nick t. a technique in which a bacterial DNA polymerase is used to degrade a single strand of DNA that has been nicked and then to resynthesize that strand, often with labeled nucleoside triphosphates.

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trans·la·tion tran(t)s-'lā-shən, tranz- n the process of forming a protein molecule at a ribosomal site of protein synthesis from information contained in messenger RNA compare TRANSCRIPTION
trans·la·tion·al -shnəl, -shən-əl adj

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n.
(in cell biology) the manufacture of proteins in a cell, which takes place at the ribosomes. The information for determining the correct sequence of amino acids in the protein is carried to the ribosomes by messenger RNA, and the amino acids are brought to their correct position in the protein by transfer RNA.

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trans·la·tion (trans-laґshən) [L. translatio transfer] 1. conversion or transformation. 2. in genetics, the process by which the series of codons (triplet bases) in a messenger RNA (mRNA) is converted to the ordered sequence of amino acids that constitutes a specific polypeptide chain; it involves also ribosomes, transfer RNA (tRNA), and numerous soluble proteins.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • translation — [ trɑ̃slasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • déb. XIIIe; « traduction » 1170; lat. translatio, de transferre 1 ♦ Littér. Le fait de transporter (les restes, le corps d une personne). ⇒ transfert. « La translation des restes de Napoléon est une faute contre la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • translation — trans‧la‧tion [trænsˈleɪʆn, trænz ] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] FINANCE the process of changing one currency into another: • Favorable foreign currency translations boosted profits. translation into • After translation into Swiss francs,… …   Financial and business terms

  • translation — translation, version, paraphrase, metaphrase can all denote a restating in intelligible language of the meaning or sense of a passage or work or the passage or work that is the product of such a restatement. Translation implies a turning from one …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • translation — Translation. subst. f. v. Transport. Action par laquelle on fait passer une chose d un lieu en un autre. Translation d un corps saint. On dit, La translation d une feste. En parlant d une feste qui a esté remise d un jour à un autre. Et on dit,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Translation — Trans*la tion, n. [F. translation, L. translatio a transferring, translation, version. See {Translate}, and cf. {Tralation}.] 1. The act of translating, removing, or transferring; removal; also, the state of being translated or removed; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • translation — [trans lā′shən, tranzlā′shən] n. [ME translacioun < MFr translation < L translatio] 1. a translating or being translated 2. the result of a translating; esp., writing or speech translated into another language 3. Mech. motion in which every …   English World dictionary

  • Translation — ist die Bewegung eines Punktsystems, bei welcher alle Punkte kongruente parallele Bahnen gleicher Länge in demselben Sinne beschreiben. Eine unendlich kleine Translation kann als spezieller Fall der Rotation aufgefaßt werden und geht aus dieser… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • translation — index construction, definition, explanation, paraphrase, rendition (explication), restatement Burton s Legal Thesaurus …   Law dictionary

  • translation — (n.) mid 14c., removal of a saint s body or relics to a new place, also rendering of a text from one language to another, from O.Fr. translation (12c.) or directly from L. translationem, noun of action from pp. stem of transferre (see TRANSFER… …   Etymology dictionary

  • translation — translation. См. трансляция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Translation — (v. lat.), 1) Umstellung; 2) Übertragung, z.B. der Rechte auf Andere; 3) Übersetzung; 4) in der Telegraphie, s.u. Telegraph S. 337; daher Translator, Übertrager, 1) in der Telegraphie, s.u. Telegraph S. 337; 2) Übersetzer; in der Türkei bei der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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