Translocation, reciprocal
A type of chromosome rearrangement involving the exchange of chromosome segments between two chromosomes that do not belong to the same pair of chromosomes. A specific reciprocal translocation might, for example, involve the swap of material between chromosomes 1 and 19.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • reciprocal translocation — reciprocal translocation. См. сегментный обмен. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • reciprocal translocation — noun : exchange of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes * * * Genetics. an exchange of segments between two nonhomologous chromosomes. [1940 45] * * * reciprocal translocation noun (biology) Mutual exchange of non homologous portions between… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Reciprocal translocation — A type of chromosome rearrangement involving the exchange of chromosome segments between two chromosomes that do not belong to the same pair of chromosomes. A specific reciprocal translocation might, for example, involve the swap of material… …   Medical dictionary

  • translocation — 1. Transposition of two segments between nonhomologous chromosomes as a result of abnormal breakage and refusion of reciprocal segments. 2. Transport of a metabolite across a biomembrane. [trans + L. location, placement, fr. loco, to place]… …   Medical dictionary

  • translocation — Rearrangement of a chromosome in which a segment is moved from one location to another, either within the same chromosome or to another chromosome. This is sometimes reciprocal, when one fragment is exchanged for another …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • reciprocal translocation — Genetics. an exchange of segments between two nonhomologous chromosomes. [1940 45] * * * …   Universalium

  • reciprocal translocation — /rəˌsɪprəkəl trænzləˈkeɪʃən/ (say ruh.sipruhkuhl tranzluh kayshuhn) noun an atypical interchange of parts of two or more pairs of non homologous chromosomes, ordinarily giving a ring of such chromosomes …   Australian English dictionary

  • Chromosomal translocation — of the 4th and 20th chromosome. In genetics, a chromosome translocation is a chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes. A gene fusion may be created when the translocation joins two otherwise… …   Wikipedia

  • Robertsonian translocation — is a common form of chromosomal rearrangement that occurs in the five acrocentric human chromosome pairs, namely 13, 14, 15, 21, and 22. They are named after the American insect geneticist W. R. B. Robertson, who first described a Robertsonian… …   Wikipedia

  • Robertsonian translocation — A special type of non reciprocal translocation in chromosomes whereby the long arms of two non homologous acrocentric chromosomes are attached to a single centromere. The short arms become attached to form a reciprocal structure that however… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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