Trichina spiralis
is a parasitic worm that lives in the intestines and causes a serious illness known as trichinosis. The eggs usually enter the body via raw or undercooked pork, sausage or bear meat. In the intestines, the eggs hatch, mature, and migrate to other parts of the body through the bloodstream and the lymphatic system. Early symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. In time, a high fever, puffiness of the face and muscle pain develop. Eventually the worms can penetrate the muscles, the heart and the brain and can cause death. Treatment with an anti-worm drug such as thiabendazole, as well as bed rest and a physician's care, can cure trichinosis. Recovery may take several months. Diagnosis of trichinosis sometimes requires analysis of a tissue sample (biopsy) taken from muscle.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trichina spiralis — Trichina Tri*chi na ( n[.a]), n.; pl. {Trichin[ae]}. [NL., fr. Gr. ? hairy, made of hair, fr. tri x, tricho s, hair.] (Zo[ o]l.) A small, slender nematoid worm ({Trichina spiralis}) which, in the larval state, is parasitic, often in immense… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trichina — Tri*chi na ( n[.a]), n.; pl. {Trichin[ae]}. [NL., fr. Gr. ? hairy, made of hair, fr. tri x, tricho s, hair.] (Zo[ o]l.) A small, slender nematoid worm ({Trichina spiralis}) which, in the larval state, is parasitic, often in immense numbers, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trichină — TRICHÍNĂ, trichine, s.f. Vierme parazit care trăieşte în intestinul şobolanilor, porcilor, urşilor etc. sau închistat în muşchii acestor animale, putând trece şi la om, prin consumarea cărnii de porc infestate (Trichinella spiralis). – Din fr.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Trichĭna — (T. spiralis), Haarwurm in den willkürlichen Muskeln des Menschen von R. Owen gefunden. Er gehört in die Familie der Fadenwürmer (Nematoidea), nur 1/3–1 Linie lang, spiralig zusammengerollt, fadenförmig, stumpf, am dickeren Ende mit der Spur… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • trichina — [tri kī′nə] n. pl. trichinae [tri kī′nē] [ModL < Gr trichinos, hairy < thrix (gen. trichos), hair] a very small nematode worm (Trichinella spiralis) that causes trichinosis trichinal adj …   English World dictionary

  • trichina — /tri kuy neuh/, n., pl. trichinae / nee/. a nematode, Trichinella spiralis, the adults of which live in the intestine and produce larvae that encyst in the muscle tissue, esp. in pigs, rats, and humans. [1825 35; < NL < Gk tríchina, n. use of fem …   Universalium

  • trichina — tri•chi•na [[t]trɪˈkaɪ nə[/t]] n. pl. nae ( nē). mcr a nematode, Trichinella spiralis, parasitic esp. in humans, pigs, and rats • Etymology: 1825–35; < NL < Gk tríchina, n. use of fem. of tríchinos of hair. See tricho , ine I …   From formal English to slang

  • trichina — noun (plural trichinae; also nas) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek trichinos made of hair, from trich , thrix hair Date: 1835 a small slender nematode worm (Trichinella spiralis) that is a parasite of flesh eating mammals (as humans and swine)… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • trichina — tri·chi·na || trɪ kaɪnÉ™ n. parasitic worm which lives in the intestine and whose larva encysts in muscle tissue, Trichinella spiralis …   English contemporary dictionary

  • trichina — /trəˈkaɪnə/ (say truh kuynuh) noun (plural trichinae /trəˈkaɪni/ (say truh kuynee)) the nematode worm, Trichinella spiralis, the adults of which live in the intestine and produce embryos which encyst in the muscle tissue, especially in pigs, rats …   Australian English dictionary

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