Ulcerative gingivitis
This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be involved, but the full story behind this long- known disease is still not clear. This condition is also called Vincent’s angina after the French physician Henri Vincent (1862-1950). The word “angina” comes from the Latin “angere” meaning “to choke or throttle.” As with most poorly understood diseases, ulcerative gingivitis goes by many other names including acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), acute membranous gingivitis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, fusospirillosis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, phagedenic gingivitis, Vincent’s gingivitis, Vincent’s infection, and Vincent’s stomatitis.

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acute painful gingivitis with ulceration, in which the tissues of the gums are rapidly destroyed. Occurring mainly in debilitated patients, it is associated with anaerobic microorganisms (see Fusobacterium, Bacteroides) and is accompanied by an unpleasant odour. Treatment is with metronidazole and a careful and thorough regime of oral hygiene supplemented with oxidizing mouthwashes. In the past ulcerative gingivitis has been called Vincent's angina; in its severe form it is known as noma.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ulcerative gingivitis — acute painful gingivitis with ulceration, in which the tissues of the gums are rapidly destroyed. Occurring mainly in debilitated patients, it is associated with anaerobic microorganisms (see Fusobacterium, Bacteroides) and is accompanied by an… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis — This article is about the physiologic disorder. For the similarly named band, see Trenchmouth. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis Classification and external resources ICD 10 A69.1 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis — n ACUTE NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE GINGIVITIS * * * a progressive painful infection, also seen in subacute and recurrent forms, marked by crateriform lesions of interdental papillae with pseudomembranous slough circumscribed by linear erythema; fetid …   Medical dictionary

  • acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis — n a progressive painful disease of the mouth that is marked esp. by dirty gray ulceration of the mucous membranes, spontaneous hemorrhaging of the gums, and a foul odor to the breath and that is associated with the presence of large numbers of… …   Medical dictionary

  • acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis — noun Medical name of the form of severe gum infection popularly called trench mouth. Syn: acute membranous gingivitis, acute ulcerative gingivitis, fusospirillosis, fusospirochetal gingivitis, phagedenic gingivitis, ulcerative gingivitis, Plaut… …   Wiktionary

  • Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • ANUG (acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis) — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

  • Gingivitis — Classification and external resources Severe gingivitis before (top) and after (bottom) a thorough mechanical debridement of the teeth and adjacent gum tissues. ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • Gingivitis — Gum disease with inflammation of the gums. On inspection, the gums will appear red and puffy, and will usually bleed during tooth brushing or dental examination. Treatment is by improved cleaning, with more frequent and longer brushing and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Gingivitis, ulcerative — This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes)… …   Medical dictionary

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