- In the uncircumcised male, balanitis (inflammation of the glans, the rounded head of the penis) and posthitis (inflammation of the foreskin) usually occur together as balanoposthitis: inflammation of both the glans and foreskin. Circumcision prevents balanoposthitis. Without a foreskin, there can of course be no posthitis and hence no balanoposthitis. An uncircumcised boy should be taught to clean his penis with care to prevent infection and inflammation of the foreskin and the glans penis. Cleaning of the penis is done by gently, not forcibly, retracting the foreskin. The foreskin should be retracted only to the point where resistance is met. Full retraction of the foreskin may not be possible until the age of 3 or more. The term "balano-", referring to the glans of the penis (or clitoris), comes from the Greek word "balanos" meaning acorn. The term "posthitis" (pronounced pos-THI-tis) also comes from the Greek, from "posthe" meaning foreskin + "-itis", inflammation = inflammation of the foreskin. So, balanoposthitis = inflammation of the glans and foreskin.
* * *Inflammation of the glans penis and overlying prepuce. [balano- + G. posthe, prepuce, + -itis, inflammation]
* * *bal·a·no·pos·thi·tis .bal-ə-(.)nō-päs-'thīt-əs n inflammation of the glans penis and of the foreskin
* * *n.inflammation of the foreskin and the surface of the underlying glans penis. It usually occurs as a consequence of phimosis and represents a more extensive local reaction than simple balanitis. The affected areas become red and swollen, which further narrows the opening of the foreskin and makes passing urine difficult and painful. Treatment of an acute attack is by administration of antibiotics, and further attacks are prevented by circumcision.
* * *bal·a·no·pos·thi·tis (bal″ə-no-pos-thiґtis) [balano- + posth- + -itis] inflammation of the glans penis and prepuce.
Medical dictionary. 2011.