Vaccine, Salk
Vaccine against poliomyelitis named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. It was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The virus was separated from the tissue, stored for a week, and killed with formaldehyde. This killed-virus vaccine was given by injection and required 4 "shots." The oral form of the vaccine, subsequently developed by Dr. Albert Sabin, is in standard use today since it is easier to administer and is more effective than the Salk vaccine. The Salk vaccine is now exclusively of historic interest. The American physician and virologist Jonas Salk (1914–1995) did research on the influenza virus at the University of Michigan and on poliovirus at the University of Pittsburgh. In 1963 he became the first director of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies at the University of California, San Diego.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Polio vaccine, Salk — Vaccine against the virus that causes the nerve disease poliomyelitis. The Salk vaccine is named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. The Salk vaccine was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by… …   Medical dictionary

  • Salk vaccine — Vaccine against poliomyelitis named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. It was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The… …   Medical dictionary

  • Salk (disambiguation) — Salk can refer to:* Salk Institute, a research institute in La Jolla, California, USA * Jonas Salk, developer of the first effective polio vaccine * Salk, military unit …   Wikipedia

  • Salk , Jonas Edward — (1914–1995) American microbiologist Salk was born in New York City, the son of a garment worker. He was educated at the City College of New York and at New York University Medical School, where he obtained his MD in 1939. In 1942 he went to the… …   Scientists

  • Salk — /sɔlk/ (say sawlk) noun Jonas Edward, 1914–95, US bacteriologist; developed anti poliomyelitis vaccine (Salk vaccine) …   Australian English dictionary

  • SALK, JONAS — (1914–1995), U.S. virologist. Salk was born in New York City, graduating in medicine from New York University Medical School (1939). Pursuing his commitment as a student to killed antiviral vaccination, he worked on influenza virus vaccines at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Salk vaccine — Salk′ vaccine n. imu a vaccine that contains three types of inactivated poliomyelitis viruses and induces immunity against the disease • Etymology: 1950–55; after J. E. Salk who developed it …   From formal English to slang

  • Vaccine injury — Classification and external resources ICD 10 T88.1, Y58 Y59 …   Wikipedia

  • Salk — in ref. to vaccine against poliomyelitis, 1954, from U.S. virologist Jonas Edward Salk (1914 1995), who developed it …   Etymology dictionary

  • Salk,Jonas Edward — Salk (sôlk), Jonas Edward. 1914 1995. American microbiologist who developed the first effective killed virus vaccine against polio (1954). * * * …   Universalium

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