Ventilation, positive pressure
The provision of oxygen under pressure by a mechanical respirator, a machine designed to improve the exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere. The device is basically designed for administering artificial respiration, especially for a prolonged period, in the event of inadequate spontaneous ventilation or respiratory paralysis. The mechanical ventilator was invented in 1927 by Philip Drinker and Louis Agassiz Shaw. It consisted of an iron box (and so was called an iron lung) plus a bed and two vacuum cleaners. The next model was made by Warren Colins and was inaugurated on October 12, 1928 at the Children's Hospital in Boston to help a girl with polio breath.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Positive pressure ventilation — Intervention ICD 9 CM 93.90 93.91 Me …   Wikipedia

  • positive pressure — n pressure that is greater than atmospheric pressure <mechanical ventilation of the lungs using positive pressure> * * * pressure greater than that of the atmosphere …   Medical dictionary

  • Positive pressure ventilation — The provision of oxygen under pressure by a mechanical respirator, a machine designed to improve the exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere. The device is basically designed for administering artificial respiration, especially for a …   Medical dictionary

  • positive-pressure ventilation — see noninvasive ventilation …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • intermittent positive pressure breathing — n enforced periodic inflation of the lungs by the intermittent application of an increase of pressure to a reservoir of air (as in a bag) supplying the lungs abbr. IPPB * * * (IPPB) the active inflation of the lungs during inhalation under… …   Medical dictionary

  • continuous positive pressure ventilation — control mode ventilation using continuous positive airway pressure …   Medical dictionary

  • intermittent positive pressure ventilation — see under breathing …   Medical dictionary

  • Pressure controlled intermittent mandatory ventilation — (PC IMV) is any mode of mechanical ventilation with preset inspiratory pressure (Pressure Control) and inspiratory time (Ti). Spontaneous breaths (i.e., inspiration is patient triggered and patient cycled) can exist between mandatory breaths… …   Wikipedia

  • Positive end-expiratory pressure — (PEEP) is the pressure in the lungs (alveolar pressure) above atmospheric pressure (the pressure outside of the body) that exists at the end of expiration.[1] The two types of PEEP are extrinsic PEEP (PEEP applied by a ventilator) and intrinsic… …   Wikipedia

  • positive end-expiratory pressure — n a technique of assisting breathing by increasing the air pressure in the lungs and air passages near the end of expiration so that an increased amount of air remains in the lungs following expiration abbr. PEEP compare CONTINUOUS POSITIVE… …   Medical dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”