- : A wart by another name, a local growth of the outer layer of the skin (the epidermis) caused by a virus. The virus of warts (a human papillomavirus) is transmitted by contact. The contact can be with a wart on someone else or one on oneself (autoinoculation). Warts that occur on the hands or feet are called common warts. A wart on the sole of the foot is a plantar wart. Genital (venereal) warts are located on the genitals and are transmitted by sexual contact. The word "wart" is from Old English and far back as the 8th century referred to a wart. The name "verruca" is Latin for wart. A common wart is a "verruca vulgaris". A wart in medicine is also sometimes called by its Spanish name, "verruga".
* * *A flesh-colored growth characterized by circumscribed hypertrophy of the papillae of the corium, with thickening of the malpighian, granular, and keratin layers of the epidermis, caused by human papilloma virus; also applied to epidermal verrucous tumors of nonviral etiology. SYN: verruga, wart. [L.]- v. digitata a wart in which the papillae project like fingers; they occur in groups, often on the scalp. SYN: digitate wart.- v. filiformis a wart composed of a single or many greatly elongated papillae; appears more commonly on the face and neck. SYN: filiform wart.- v. peruana, v. peruviana SYN: verruga peruana.- v. plana a smooth, flat, flesh-colored wart of small size, occurring in groups, seen especially on the face of the young; often associated with common warts of the hands, due to human papilloma virus, commonly, types 3 and 10. SYN: flat wart, plane wart, v. plana juvenilis.- v. senilis SYN: actinic keratosis.- v. vulgaris a keratotic papilloma of the epidermis which occurs most frequently in young persons as a result of localized infection by human papilloma virus, usually types 2 and 4; the lesions are of variable duration, eventually undergoing spontaneous regression, and are both exophytic and endophytic, with hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, hypergranulosis, koilocytosis, and papillomatosis. SYN: common wart, infectious wart, v. simplex, viral wart.
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* * *ver·ru·ca (və-rooґkə) gen. and pl. verruґcae [L.] wart.
Medical dictionary. 2011.