Base in DNA
A unit of the DNA. There are 4 bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T), and cytosine (C). The sequence of bases (for example, CAG) is the genetic code.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AT (in DNA) — AT stands for adenine and thymine, a base pair in DNA. The other base pair in DNA is GC (guanine and cytosine) …   Medical dictionary

  • Base excision repair — (BER) is a cellular mechanism that repairs damaged DNA throughout the cell cycle. Repairing DNA sequence errors is necessary so that mutations are not propagated or to remove lesions that may lead to breaks in the DNA during replication.Single… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA nanotechnology — seeks to make artificial, designed nanostructures out of nucleic acids, such as this DNA tetrahedron.[1] Each edge of the tetrahedron is a 20 base pair DNA double helix, and each vertex is a three arm junction. DNA n …   Wikipedia

  • Base pair — In molecular biology and genetics, the linking between two nitrogenous bases on opposite complementary DNA or certain types of RNA strands that are connected via hydrogen bonds is called a base pair (often abbreviated bp). In the canonical Watson …   Wikipedia

  • DNA glycosylase — DNA glycosylases are a family of enzymes involved in base excision repair, classified under EC number EC 3.2.2. Base excision repair is the mechanism by which damaged bases in DNA are removed and replaced. DNA glycosylases catalyze the first step …   Wikipedia

  • DNA nanoball sequencing — is a high throughput sequencing technology that is used to determine the entire genomic sequence of an organism. The method uses rolling circle replication to amplify small fragments of genomic DNA into DNA nanoballs. Fluorescent probes bind to… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA mismatch repair — is a system for recognizing and repairing erroneous insertion, deletion and mis incorporation of bases that can arise during DNA replication and recombination, as well as repairing some forms of DNA damage.[1][2] Mismatch repair is strand… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA binding site — DNA binding sites are a type of binding site found in DNA where other molecules may bind. DNA binding sites are distinct from other binding sites in that (1) they are part of a DNA sequence (e.g. a genome) and (2) they are bound by DNA binding… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA replication — DNA replication. The double helix is unwound and each strand acts as a template for the next strand. Bases are matched to synthesize the new partner strands. DNA replication is a biological process that occurs in all living organisms and copies… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA demethylation — is a process of removal of methyl group from nucleotide in DNA. DNA demethylation could be passive and active. Passive process takes place in the absence of methylation of newly synthesised DNA strands by DNMT1 during several replication rounds… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”