Wormwood
The essence of absinthe, an emerald-green liqueur flavored with extracts of the wormwood plant, licorice and aromatic flavorings in a alcohol base. Absinthe was manufactured, commercialized and popularized in France in the late 1700s by Henri-Louis Pernod. It became an extremely popular and addictive drink. Among the famous figures who made absinthe a symbol of decadence were the writer Oscar Wilde, the poet Charles Baudelaire, and the artists Edouard Manet, Vincent Van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Pablo Picasso. The first important medical research on absinthe was initiated in 1864 by a psychiatrist, Valentin Jacques Joseph Magnan, who exposed a veritable Noah's arkful of animals to wormwood oil and alcohol. He put cats, rabbits, and guinea pigs under an individual glass case next to a saucer of either wormwood oil or alcohol. The animals that breathed the alcohol fumes became drunk while those that inhaled the vapors of wormwood had epileptic seizures, reported Dr. Magnan in the medical journal The Lancet. Prolonged drinking of absinthe causes convulsions, blindness, hallucinations, and mental deterioration. Absinthe has been banned but something of its taste is still available in such drinks as ouzo in Greece and in France, pastis, long considered "the mother's milk of Provence."
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worm·wood 'wərm-.wu̇d n ARTEMISIA (2) esp a European plant (Artemisia absinthium) yielding a bitter slightly aromatic dark green oil used in absinthe

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worm·wood (wurmґwood″) a plant of the genus Artemisia, especially A. absinthium (common wormwood), which yields the extract used to make absinthe.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Wormwood — may refer to:In comics: *Miss Wormwood, a minor character in Calvin and Hobbes * , a comic book series by Ben Templesmith * Chronicles of Wormwood , a comic book miniseries by Garth Ennis from Avatar PressIn literature: *Wormwood (star), in the… …   Wikipedia

  • WORMWOOD — WORMWOOD, according to most commentators to be identified with the scriptural לַעֲנָה (la anah). It indicates evil (Deut. 29:17; Amos 5:7; et al.) as does the drinking of the liquid extracted from it (Lam. 3:15; et al.). In Arabic it is called… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wormwood — Álbum de Marduk Publicación 21 de Septiembre (Europa) 13 de Octubre (Estados Unidos) 2009 Grabación 2009 en los estudios Endarker Género(s) Black metal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wormwood — Worm wood, n. [AS. werm?d, akin to OHG. wermuota, wormuota, G. wermuth, wermut; of uncertain origin.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) A composite plant ({Artemisia Absinthium}), having a bitter and slightly aromatic taste, formerly used as a tonic and a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wormwood — • Wormwood, known for its repulsive bitterness Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • wormwood — c.1400, folk etymology of O.E. wermod wormwood, related to VERMOUTH (Cf. vermouth), but the ultimate etymology is unknown. Cf. O.S. wermoda, Du. wermoet, O.H.G. werimuota, Ger. Wermut. Weekley suggests wer man + mod courage, from its early use as …   Etymology dictionary

  • wormwood — [wʉrm′wood΄] n. [ME wormwode, altered by folk etym. (infl. by worm,WORM + wode,WOOD1: from use as a vermifuge) < wermode < OE wermod, akin to Ger wermut (> Fr vermout, vermouth)] 1. any of a number of strong smelling plants (genus… …   English World dictionary

  • wormwood — ► NOUN 1) a woody shrub with a bitter aromatic taste, used as an ingredient of vermouth and absinthe and in medicine. 2) bitterness or grief, or a source of this. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • Wormwood — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Wormwood peut faire référence à : Wormwood, un comics de Ben Templesmith Wormwood, un album du groupe Marduk Wormwood, un titre de l album World of… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • wormwood — kartusis kietis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Artemisia absinthium), paplitęs Europoje ir Azijoje. Naudojamas maisto priedams (kvėpikliams) gaminti. atitikmenys: lot. Artemisia… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

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