Yoga
: A way of life that includes ethical precepts, dietary prescriptions, and physical exercise. Its practitioners believe that their discipline has the capacity to alter mental and bodily responses normally thought to be far beyond a person’s ability to modulate them. During the past 80 years, health professionals in India and the West have begun to investigate the therapeutic potential of yoga. To date, thousands of research studies have been undertaken and have shown that with the practice of yogic meditation a person can, indeed, learn to control such physiologic parameters as blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory function, metabolic rate, skin resistance, brain waves, body temperature, and many other bodily functions.

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yo·ga 'yō-gə n
1) cap a Hindu theistic philosophy teaching the suppression of all activity of body, mind, and will in order that the self may realize its distinction from them and attain liberation
2) a system of physical postures, breathing techniques, and meditation derived from Yoga but often practiced independently esp. in Western cultures to promote bodily or mental control and well-being see hatha yoga
yo·gic -gik adj

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yo·ga (yoґgə) [Sanskrit "union"] an ancient system of Indian philosophy incorporated into the ayurvedic system of medicine and well-being, whose goal is the attainment of ultimate balance of mind and body, or self-realization. A number of different systems of yoga have developed, all sharing certain basic principles: control of the body through correct posture and breathing, control of the emotions and mind, and meditation. There are four main paths: raja yoga (or classical yoga), a systematic classification of yoga practices into eight "limbs" set forth in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali about 300 BCE; bhakti yoga, which is the surrender of the self to the divine spirit; karma yoga, which aims at union with the divine spirit through selfless actions; and jnana yoga, which seeks union through knowledge and truth. In the West, yoga is often reduced to the practice of postures, breath control, and meditation for healing and well-being, without attention to the larger philosophy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • yoga — yoga …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Yoga — (Sanskrit: , IAST: yóga , IPA2|joːgə) refers to traditional physical and mental disciplines originating in India, to the goal achieved by those disciplines, and to one of the six orthodox (āstika) schools of Hindu philosophy. [ Yoga has five… …   Wikipedia

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  • yoga — YÓGA s.f. Şcoală filozofică indiană care urmăreşte adâncirea cunoaşterii eului în scopul eliberării lui de viaţa materială şi al contopirii cu spiritul universal; p. ext. ansamblu de exerciţii care duc la stăpânirea deplină a organismului uman… …   Dicționar Român

  • Yoga — (auch Joga) Smn (eine philosophische Lehre mit bestimmten körperlichen Übungen usw.) erw. fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ai. yóga m. Meditation , ursprünglich Anschirrung, Unternehmung , so wie ai. yunákti anschirren auch meditieren… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • yoga — m. Práctica de ejercicios corporales del hatha yoga que se realizan para equilibrar el cuerpo y la mente mediante el ejercicio, el control de la respiración y la concentración. Medical Dictionary. 2011. yoga С …   Diccionario médico

  • Yoga — er et indisk system til indøvelse af åndedrætsteknik, kropsstillinger og i mindre omfang moralske forskrifter. Formålet med yoga er at opnå Samâdhi (den højeste tilstand) som er en form for salighed eller forløsning for yoga udøveren …   Danske encyklopædi

  • yoga — 1820, from Hindi yoga, from Skt. yoga s, lit. union, yoking (with the Supreme Spirit), from PIE root *yeug to join (see JUGULAR (Cf. jugular)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • yoga — (Del sánscr. yoga, unión, esfuerzo). 1. m. Conjunto de disciplinas físico mentales originales de la India, destinadas a conseguir la perfección espiritual y la unión con lo absoluto. 2. Conjunto de las prácticas modernas derivadas del yoga hindú… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • yoga — ‘Disciplina físico mental originaria de la India, encaminada a lograr la perfección espiritual’. Es masculino: el yoga …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Yoga — Yoga: Der Name der indischen Lehre von der Selbsterlösung durch völlige Beherrschung des Körpers und Befreiung des Geistes ist aus aind. yōga ḥ entlehnt. Das aind. Wort bedeutet eigentlich »Verbindung, Vereinigung« und gehört zu aind. yugá m… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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