Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
: A technique in which a woman's egg is fertilized outside the body, then implanted in one of her fallopian tubes. This technique is one of the methods used to overcome infertility, the inability of couples to produce offspring on their own. First, the egg and the male sperm needed to fertilize it are harvested. Then the egg and the sperm are united in a petri dish, a multi-purpose glass or plastic container with a lid. If all goes well, the sperm fertilizes the egg, and the physicians then implant it in a fallopian tube. From there, nature takes its course, and the egg eventually is deposited by the fallopian tube into the uterus (womb) for development. A zygote is the combined cell resulting from the union of sperm and egg. A zygote develops into an embryo. An embryo, a mass of cells with no recognizable human features, begins formation of a human body. After about seven or eight weeks, the embryo exhibits recognizable features such as a mouth and ears. At this stage, the developing human becomes known as a fetus. The word "zygote" is derived from the Greek word "zygon" (yoke). The term "intrafallopian" means "inside the fallopian tubes." ("Intra," a Latin word, means "within" or "inside.") Thus, the term "zygote intrafallopian transfer" refers to the transfer of a zygote into a fallopian tube.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Zygote intrafallopian transfer — (ZIFT) is an infertility treatment where a blockage in the fallopian tubes prevents the normal binding of sperm to the egg. Egg cells are removed from a woman s ovaries, and in vitro fertilised. The resulting zygote is placed into the fallopian… …   Wikipedia

  • zygote intrafallopian transfer — zygote in·tra·fal·lo·pi·an transfer .in trə fə lō pē ən n a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility in which eggs are obtained from an ovary and fertilized with sperm in vitro and the resulting fertilized eggs are inserted into a …   Medical dictionary

  • zygote intrafallopian transfer — noun Date: 1986 a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility that is similar to gamete intrafallopian transfer but in which eggs are fertilized in vitro and some of the resulting fertilized eggs are inserted into a fallopian tube… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ZIFT — Stands for zygote intrafallopian transfer, a method used to treat infertility in which an egg fertilized in vitro (outside the body) is placed into a woman s fallopian tube. This technique is one used to overcome infertility, the inability of… …   Medical dictionary

  • ZIFT — abbreviation zygote intrafallopian transfer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ZIFT — abbr. Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer …   Dictionary of abbreviations

  • ZIFT — • zygote intrafallopian tube transfer …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

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  • Assisted reproductive technology — (ART) is a general term referring to methods used to achieve pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial means. It is reproductive technology used in infertility treatment, which is the only application routinely used today of reproductive… …   Wikipedia

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