Benzene
A highly toxic hydrocarbon known to cause anemia and leukemia. The anemia associated with benzene exposure is termed aplastic anemia. Benzene is used as a solvent. It comes from light coal tar oil and chemically is C6H6. The use of glues and other products containing benzene has stopped in most developed countries because of its danger and the allowable worker exposures to the chemical have been drastically reduced. In some countries such as China, however, the use of benzene-containing glues reportedly persists in thousands of small factories.
* * *
The basic structure in most aromatic compounds; a highly toxic hydrocarbon from light coal tar oil; used as a solvent. SYN: benzol, coal tar naphtha. [benzoin, + -ene]
- b. bromide a lacrimator or tear gas.

* * *

ben·zene 'ben-.zēn, ben-' n a colorless volatile flammable toxic liquid aromatic hydrocarbon C6H6 used in organic synthesis, as a solvent, and as a motor fuel called also benzol
ben·ze·noid 'ben-zə-.nȯid adj

* * *

ben·zene (benґzēn) a colorless volatile liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, obtained as a byproduct in the destructive distillation of coal. It is harmful by transdermal absorption and acutely toxic by ingestion or inhalation, causing mucous membrane irritation, neurological symptoms, and death due to respiratory failure; chronic exposure may result in bone marrow depression and aplasia and leukemia. Benzene is a known carcinogen. See illustration under ring. Called also benzol.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzene — Benzène Benzène Structure et représentations du benzène Général Nom IUPAC Benzène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benzène — Structure et représentations du benzène Général Nom IUPAC Benzène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BENZÈNE — Le plus simple des hydrocarbures aromatiques. Formule: C6H6 Fréquemment symbolisé par: Masse moléculaire: 78,11 g Masse spécifique: 0,88 g/cm3 Point de fusion: 5,5 0C Point d’ébullition: 80,09 0C. Cristaux incolores dans le système orthorhombique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benzene — Ben zene, n. [From {Benzoin}.] (Chem.) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, {C6H6}, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzene — 1835, benzine, altered from Ger. Benzin, coined in 1833 by German chemist Eilhardt Mitscherlich (1794 1863) from Benz(oesäure) benzoic acid + ENE (Cf. ene) (Ger. in), hydrocarbon suffix. Mitscherlich obtained it from a distillation of benzoic… …   Etymology dictionary

  • benzene — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ a volatile liquid hydrocarbon present in coal tar and petroleum. ORIGIN from BENZOIC ACID(Cf. ↑B) …   English terms dictionary

  • benzene — [ben′zēn, ben zēn′] n. [ BENZ(OIC) + ENE] a clear, flammable, poisonous, aromatic liquid, C6H6, obtained by scrubbing coal gas with oil and by the fractional distillation of coal tar: it is used as a solvent and in making a vast number of… …   English World dictionary

  • Benzene — For other uses, see Benzene (disambiguation). See also: Benzole Benzene …   Wikipedia

  • benzene — /ben zeen, ben zeen /, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable, toxic, slightly water soluble, liquid, aromatic compound, C6H6, obtained chiefly from coal tar: used in the manufacture of commercial and medicinal chemicals, dyes, and as a… …   Universalium

  • benzene — n. a colourless carcinogenic volatile liquid found in coal tar, petroleum, etc., and used as a solvent and in the manufacture of plastics etc. Usage: Chem. formula: C6H6 Phrases and idioms: benzene ring the hexagonal unsaturated ring of six… …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”