acetazolamide
The heterocyclic sulfonamide, 5-acetylamido-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamide, which inhibits the action of carbonic anhydrase in the kidney, increasing the urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, and bicarbonate, reducing excretion of ammonium, raising the pH of the urine, and lowering the pH of the blood; used in respiratory acidosis for diuresis and to stimulate respiratory drive, in glaucoma to reduce intraocular pressure, and in epilepsy. A. sodium has the same actions and uses as a., but is more soluble and thus more suitable for parenteral administration.

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ac·et·azol·amide .as-ət-ə-'zōl-ə-.mīd, -'zäl-, -məd n a diuretic drug C4H6N4O3S2 used esp. to treat glaucoma, control epileptic seizures, prevent or treat altitude sickness, and treat edema associated with congestive heart failure

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n.
a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used mainly in the treatment of glaucoma to reduce the pressure inside the eyeball and also as a preventative for epileptic seizures and altitude sickness. It is administered by mouth or injection; side-effects include drowsiness and numbness and tingling of the hands and feet. Trade name: Diamox.

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ac·et·a·zol·a·mide (as″et-ə-zolґə-mīd) [USP] a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with a wide variety of uses, including adjunctive treatment of glaucoma and epilepsy, treatment of familial periodic paralysis, prophylaxis and treatment of acute mountain sickness, and as a urinary alkalizer in the prophylaxis and treatment of uric acid renal calculi; administered orally, intravenously, and intramuscularly.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acetazolamide — Acétazolamide Acétazolamide structure chimique de l acétazolamide Général Nom IUPAC N (5 (aminosulfonyl) 1,3,4 thiadiazol 2 yl) acétamide …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acétazolamide — structure chimique de l acétazolamide Général Nom IUPAC N (5 (aminosulfonyl) 1,3,4 thiadiaz …   Wikipédia en Français

  • acétazolamide — ● acétazolamide nom masculin Puissant médicament diurétique dérivé du sulfamidothiazol. (Il diminue aussi la pression intraoculaire, d où son emploi dans le traitement du glaucome.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Acetazolamide — Not to be confused with acetohexamide. Acetazolamide Systematic (IUPAC) name …   Wikipedia

  • acetazolamide — noun Etymology: acet + azole + amide Date: 1954 a diuretic drug C4H6N4O3S2 used especially in the treatment of edema associated with congestive heart failure and of glaucoma and in the prevention and treatment of altitude sickness …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • acetazolamide — /euh see teuh zoh leuh muyd , mid, zol euh , as i teuh /, n. Pharm. a crystalline powder, C4H6N4O3S2, used chiefly in the treatment of glaucoma and edema. [1950 55; ACET + AZOLE + AMIDE] * * * …   Universalium

  • acetazolamide — noun /æ sɛt æ zoʊl æ maɪd/ A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that is used to treat glaucoma and other conditions …   Wiktionary

  • acetazolamide — ac·et·azol·amide …   English syllables

  • acetazolamide — n. a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used mainly in the treatment of glaucoma to reduce the pressure inside the eyeball and also as a preventative for epileptic seizures and altitude sickness. It is administered by mouth or injection; side effects… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • acetazolamide — ˌasəd.əˈzōləˌmīd, mə̇d noun ( s) Etymology: acet + azole + amide : a white crystalline sulfonamide CH3CONHC2N2SSO2NH2 derived from thiadiazole and used as a diuretic and antiepileptic drug …   Useful english dictionary

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