acetic acid
A product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood; used locally as a counterirritant and occasionally internally, and also as a reagent; contained in vinegars. SYN: ethanoic acid.
- diluted a. contains 6% w/v of a..
- glacial a. contains 99% absolute a.; a caustic for removal of corns and warts.

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acetic acid n a colorless pungent liquid acid C2H4O2 that is the chief acid of vinegar and that is used esp. in synthesis (as of plastics) and occas. in medicine as an astringent and styptic

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ace·tic ac·id (ə-seґtik) 1. the two-carbon carboxylic acid, CH3COOH, which is the characteristic component of vinegar, and, mostly in the form of acetyl coenzyme A, an important biochemical intermediate. 2. [NF] a preparation used as a solvent and menstruum and as a pharmaceutic necessity in the preparation of aluminum subacetate topical solution. Systematic name: ethanoic acid.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acetic acid — Acetic redirects here. It is not to be confused with Ascetic. Acetic acid …   Wikipedia

  • acetic acid — ► NOUN ▪ the acid that gives vinegar its characteristic taste. ORIGIN from Latin acetum vinegar …   English terms dictionary

  • acetic acid — n. a sour, colorless, liquid organic acid, CH3COOH, having a sharp odor: it is contained in vinegar (3 to 8%) and is used with alcohols to produce esters, esp. cellulose acetate …   English World dictionary

  • acetic acid — Chem. a colorless, pungent, water miscible liquid, C2H4O2, the essential constituent of vinegar, produced by oxidation of acetaldehyde, bacterial action on ethyl alcohol, the reaction of methyl alcohol with carbon monoxide, and other processes:… …   Universalium

  • acetic acid — noun A clear colourless organic acid, CHCOOH, formed by the oxidation of ethanol; it is used as a solvent and has very many industrial applications; it is the major acidic component of vinegar …   Wiktionary

  • acetic acid — acto rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃COOH atitikmenys: angl. acetic acid; ethanoic acid; ethylic acid; vinegar acid rus. уксусная кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – etano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • acetic acid —    A colorless, pungent, mobile liquid, usually obtained by the destructive distillation of wood or by the oxidation of alcohol with ferments. Chemical reagent used in Griess (Walker) test for gunpowder residue detection. Acetic acid form nitrous …   Forensic science glossary

  • acetic acid — [[t]əsi͟ːtɪk æ̱sɪd[/t]] N UNCOUNT Acetic acid is a colourless acid. It is the main substance in vinegar …   English dictionary

  • acetic acid — [ə si:tɪk, ə sɛt ] noun Chemistry the acid that gives vinegar its characteristic taste; ethanoic acid. [CH3COOH.] Origin C18: acetic from Fr. acétique, from L. acetum vinegar …   English new terms dictionary

  • acetic acid — noun a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals • Syn: ↑ethanoic acid • Hypernyms: ↑carboxylic acid • Hyponyms: ↑acetum, ↑trichloroacetic acid, ↑trichloracetic acid, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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