juvenile chronic arthritis
any one of a group of conditions characterized by inflammation of the joints lasting longer than six weeks and occurring before the age of 16. The causes are unknown but immunological and infective mechanisms are suspected. JCA can affect either four or fewer joints (pauciarticular JCA) or more than four (polyarticular JCA). There are two recognized types of pauciarticular JCA: type 1, which generally affects girls below the age of four; and type 2 (juvenile-onset spondylarthropathy), which generally affects boys over the age of nine. There are also two types of polyarticular JCA, depending on the presence or absence of a particular antibody in the blood. There is a great range of severity of these diseases. Treatment consists of pain management and prevention of subsequent deformity or limitation of movement (e.g. contractures).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • juvenile chronic arthritis — juvenile idiopathic arthritis JIA, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis JRA rheumatoid arthritis in children, with swelling, tenderness, and pain in one or more joints, which may lead to impaired growth and development, limitation of movement, ankylosis …   Medical dictionary

  • juvenile chronic arthritis — JCA; = Still s disease any one of a group of conditions characterized by inflammation of the joints lasting longer than six weeks and occurring before the age of 16. The causes are unknown but immunological and infective mechanisms are suspected …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis — Infobox Disease Name = Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Caption = DiseasesDB = 12430 ICD10 = ICD10|M|08|0|m|05 ICD9 = ICD9|714.3 ICDO = OMIM = 604302 MedlinePlus = 000451 eMedicineSubj = ped eMedicineTopic = 1749 MeshID = D001171: This article does… …   Wikipedia

  • arthritis — Inflammation of a joint or a state characterized by inflammation of joints. SYN: articular rheumatism. [G. fr. arthron, joint, + itis, inflammation] acute rheumatic a. a. due to rheumatic fever …   Medical dictionary

  • arthritis — n. inflammation of one or more joints, characterized by pain, swelling, warmth, redness of the overlying skin, and diminished range of joint motion. There are four basic subgroups of arthritis: noninflammatory arthritis, including osteoarthritis …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • juvenile-onset spondylarthropathy — see juvenile chronic arthritis …   Medical dictionary

  • juvenile-onset spondylarthropathy — see juvenile chronic arthritis …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Arthritis — Classification and external resources Hands affected by rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune form of arthritis ICD 10 M …   Wikipedia

  • Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis — is also known as Chronic recurring multifocal osteomyelitis. Contents 1 CRMO 2 See also: Majeed syndrome 3 Notes 4 References …   Wikipedia

  • Rheumatoid arthritis — Classification and external resources A hand affected by rheumatoid arthritis ICD 10 M …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”