adamsite
A vomiting agent that has been used in military training and in riot control. [Roger Adams, Am. chemist]

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ad·ams·ite 'ad-əm-.zīt n a yellow crystalline arsenical C12H9AsClN used as a respiratory irritant in some forms of tear gas called also diphenylaminechlorarsine
Adams Roger (1889-1971)
American chemist. One of the foremost organic chemists of his day, Adams is remembered for determining the chemical composition of several natural substances. He analyzed chaulmoogra oil, the toxic cottonseed pigment gossypol, marijuana, and many alkaloids. He was the first American chemist to produce butacaine and procaine. He also worked in stereochemistry and with platinum catalysts and on the synthesis of medicinal compounds. He developed the poisonous gas adamsite for the U.S. Army during World War I, but the war ended before it could be used.

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ad·ams·ite (adґəmz-īt) phenarsazine chloride.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adamsite — Preferred IUPAC name Dibenzo 1 chloro 1,4 arsenine …   Wikipedia

  • adamsite — [ad′əmz īt΄] n. a yellow, odorless, crystalline compound, C6H4 (AsCl)(NH)C6H4, developed for use, in a vaporous form, in chemical warfare …   English World dictionary

  • Adamsite — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. L adamsite peut désigner trois substances chimiques différentes l adamsite (Y) Espèce minérale de la famille des carbonates de formule NaY[CO3]2· 6H2O[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • adamsite — /ad euhm zuyt /, n. Chem., Mil. a yellow irritant smoke, containing a poisonous form of arsenic and used as a harassing agent. Also called phenarsazine chloride, diphenylaminechlorarsine. [1920 25; named after R. ADAMS; see ITE1] * * * ▪ gas… …   Universalium

  • adamsite — adamsitas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Kovinė nuodingoji medžiaga. formulė C₆H₄(AsCl)(NH)C₆H₄ atitikmenys: angl. adamsite rus. адамсит ryšiai: sinonimas – 10 chlor 5,10 dihidrofenarsazinas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • adamsite — adamsitas statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių apibrėžtis Dirginamoji nuodingoji medžiaga, masinių neramumų malšinimo cheminė medžiaga; žali arba geltoni bekvapiai kristalai; lydymosi temperatūra 195 °C, virimo temperatūra 410 °C.… …   Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas

  • adamsite — noun An organic compound, diphenylaminechlorarsine, used as a riot control agent. Syn: DM …   Wiktionary

  • adamsite — ad·ams·ite …   English syllables

  • adamsite — /ˈædəmzaɪt/ (say aduhmzuyt) noun a yellow irritant smoke, containing a form of arsenic that is poisonous, used as a poison gas. Symbol: DM {named after Major Roger Adams, US soldier and chemist, 1889–1971, who invented it. See ite1} …   Australian English dictionary

  • adamsite —  n.f. Gaz de combat …   Le dictionnaire des mots absents des autres dictionnaires

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