- second pharyngeal arch
- in the human embryo, the pharyngeal arch just caudal to the first pharyngeal arch; it later differentiates into the stapes, styloid process of temporal bone, stylohyoid ligament, lesser horn of the hyoid bone, and cranial part of the hyoid bone. Called also hyoid a.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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pharyngeal arch — a segment of the lateral wall of the pharynx that will form jaw and gill structures. The anterior two arches form jaw structures and the following 5 arches form gill structures. Each arch is separated from its neighbours by an endodermal… … Dictionary of ichthyology
second arch cartilages — second pharyngeal arch cartilages Reichert c … Medical dictionary
pharyngeal arches — term used to denote the branchial arches (q.v.) in human embryos. The first and second pharyngeal arches (qq.v.) contribute to the formation of the upper and lower jaws and the hyoid bone. The third pharyngeal arch develops into the greater horn… … Medical dictionary
arch — Any structure resembling a bent bow or an a.; an arc. In anatomy, any vaulted or archlike structure. See arcus. SYN: arcus [TA]. [thru O. Fr. fr. L. arcus, bow] abdominothoracic a. a bell shaped line defined by the lower end of the sternum and… … Medical dictionary
hyoid arch — second pharyngeal a … Medical dictionary
Aortic arch — The aortic arch is the second section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. The aorta arises from the left ventricle of the heart and first goes up, then bends, and goes down. The part that goes up is termed the ascending aorta, the part… … Medical dictionary
Hyoid bone — Bone: Hyoid bone Hyoid bone. Anterior surface. Enlarged … Wikipedia
cervical sinus — a temporary depression caudal to the second pharyngeal (hyoid) arch, containing the succeeding pharyngeal arches; it is overgrown by the second pharyngeal arch and closes off as the cervical vesicle … Medical dictionary
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