Alcaligenes


Alcaligenes
A genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfermenting bacteria (family Achromobacteraceae) which are either motile and peritrichous or nonmotile. They are strictly aerobic; some strains are capable of anaerobic respiration in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; their metabolism is respiratory, never fermentative; they do not use carbohydrates. Found mostly in the intestinal canal, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems; occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia. Type species is A. faecalis. [alkali + G. -gen, producing]

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al·ca·lig·e·nes .al-kə-'lij-ə-.nēz n
1) cap a genus of gram-negative motile bacteria that do not ferment carbohydrates and are aerobes or facultative anaerobes, commonly occur in water and soil, and include some (as A. faecalis) that are found in the intestines of vertebrates including humans and are usu. harmless but have been associated with opportunistic infections
2) pl alcaligenes an organism of the genus Alcaligenes

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Al·ca·li·ge·nes (al″kə-lijґə-nēz) [Ar. al-qily potash + Gr. gennan to produce] a widespread genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, alkaline-producing bacteria of the family Alcaligenaceae, found in the intestines of vertebrates and as part of normal skin flora; it is occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alcaligenes — xylosoxidans mit fibrinähnlichen Fasern an der Wand eines Venenkatheders (sekundärelektronenmikroskopische Abbildung) Systematik Domäne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alcaligenes — См. Алкалигенес (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Alcaligenes —   Alcaligenes …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alcaligenes — Taxobox | name = Alcaligenes regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Beta Proteobacteria ordo = Burkholderiales familia = Alcaligenaceae genus = Alcaligenes genus authority = Castellani Chalmers 1919 subdivision ranks = Species… …   Wikipedia

  • alcaligenes — ˌalkəˈlijəˌnēz noun Etymology: New Latin, from French alcali alkali + Greek genēs gen more at alkali 1. capitalized : a genus of usually aerobic and gram negative bacteria that are related to the achromobacters, do not ferment carbohydrates and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • alcaligenes — /al keuh lij euh neez /, n., pl. alcaligenes. Bacteriol. any of several rod shaped aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Alcaligenes, found in the intestinal tract of humans and other vertebrates and in dairy products. [1919; < …   Universalium

  • Alcaligenes — Widespread genus of Gram negative aerobic bacilli found in the digestive tract of many vertebrates and on skin. Occasionally cause opportunistic infections …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Alcaligenes — Alcali̱|genes, auch: Alkali̱|genes [↑Alkali u. gr. γενηςAlcaligenes= hervorbringend, verursachend; hervorgebracht, verursacht] w; : Gruppe gramnegativer Stäbchenbakterien; normal im Verdauungstrakt vorkommend, außerhalb des Verdauungstrakts… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • alcaligenes — n. bacteria found in the intestines and in dairy products …   English contemporary dictionary

  • alcaligenes — al·ca·lig·e·nes …   English syllables