chief cells


chief cells
1. epithelial cells, either columnar or cuboidal, that line the lower portions of the gastric glands and secrete pepsin; called also peptic c's. 2. pinealocytes. 3. the most abundant cells of the parathyroid glands, being polygonal epithelial cells rich in glycogen, having granular cytoplasm and vesicular nuclei, and arranged in plates or cords. Called also principal c's. 4. the principal chromaffin cells of the paraganglia, each of which is surrounded by supporting cells. 5. chromophobe c's.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chief cell — In general, a chief cell (or a zymogenic cell ) is a cell which releases a precursor enzyme. There are two types of chief cells which are most commonly referenced: A gastric chief cell (or peptic cell ) is a cell in the stomach that releases… …   Wikipedia

  • chief cell adenoma — adenoma of the parathyroid gland composed of solid masses of small chief cells similar to those seen in the normal gland …   Medical dictionary

  • chief cell — chēf n 1) one of the cells that line the lumen of the fundic glands of the stomach: a) a small cell with granular cytoplasm that secretes pepsin b) a larger cell with hyaline cytoplasm and a mucoid secretion compare PARIETAL CELL 2) one of the se …   Medical dictionary

  • Chief (comics) — The Chief The Chief. Art by Tony Daniel. Publication information Publisher DC Comics …   Wikipedia

  • chief cell — noun 1. : one of the cells that line the lumen of the fundic glands of the stomach: a. : a small cell with granular cytoplasm that secretes pepsin b. : a larger cell with hyaline cytoplasm and a mucoid secretion compare parietal cell 2. : one of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gastric chief cell — Chief cell H E stain of fundic gland polyp showing shortening of the gastric pits with cystic dilatation …   Wikipedia

  • Parathyroid chief cell — Parathyroid chief cells are cells in the parathyroid glands which produce parathyroid hormone. The end result of increased secretion by the chief cells of a parathyroid gland is an increase in the serum level of Calcium. Parathyroid chief cells… …   Wikipedia

  • oxyphil cells — oxyphilic cells 1. acidophilic cells found, along with the more numerous chief cells, in the parathyroid glands; they increase in number with age, have small dark nuclei and abundant finely granular cytoplasm, and are larger and have many more… …   Medical dictionary

  • Ductal cells — refer to cells lining the pancreatic duct and are responsible for production of bicarbonate rich secretion. Ductal cells are stimulated by the hormone secretin and are responsible for maintenance of the duodenal pH and prevention of duodenal… …   Wikipedia

  • parietal cells — see oxyntic cells * * * large spheroidal or pyramidal cells that are the source of gastric hydrochloric acid and are the site of intrinsic factor production; they are found scattered along the walls of the gastric glands, with their tapered ends… …   Medical dictionary


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