velopharyngeal closure

velopharyngeal closure
closure of nasal air escape by the elevation of the soft palate and contraction of the posterior pharyngeal wall. See also under adequacy and under insufficiency.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • velopharyngeal adequacy — sufficient velopharyngeal closure so that air and hence sound cannot enter the nasopharyngeal and nasal cavities. Cf. velopharyngeal insufficiency …   Medical dictionary

  • velopharyngeal insufficiency — inability to achieve velopharyngeal closure, due to muscular dysfunction, deficiency of the soft palate or superior constrictor muscle, cleft palate, or some other disorder; it often results in a speech disorder. Called also velopharyngeal… …   Medical dictionary

  • closure — 1. The completion of a reflex pathway. 2. The place of coupling between stimuli in the establishment of conditioned learning. 3. To achieve or experience a sense of completion in a mental task. flask c. in dentistry, the procedure of bringing the …   Medical dictionary

  • velopharyngeal seal — see under closure …   Medical dictionary

  • Nasality — In normal speech, nasality is referred to as nasalization and is a linguistic category that can apply to vowels or consonants in a specific language. The primary underlying physical variable determining the degree of nasality in normal speech is… …   Wikipedia

  • insufficiency — Lack of completeness of function or power. SEE ALSO: incompetence. [L. in , neg. + sufficientia, fr. sufficio to suffice] accommodative i. a lack of appropriate accommodation for near focus. acute adrenocortical i. severe adrenocortical i. when… …   Medical dictionary

  • Palatal obturator — A palatal obturator is a prosthesis that totally occludes an opening such as an oronasal fistula (in the roof of the mouth). They are similar to dental retainers, but without the front wire. Palatal obturators are typically short term prosthetics …   Wikipedia

  • rhinolalia — Nasalized speech. SYN: rhinism, rhinophonia. [rhino + G. lalia, talking] r. aperta abnormal speech attributable to inadequate velopharyngeal closure. r. clausa abnormal speech attributable to nasal …   Medical dictionary

  • Pharyngeal flap surgery — is a procedure to correct the airflow during speech. The procedure is common amongpeople with cleft palate and some types of dysarthria.Pharyngeal flap proceduresPosterior pharyngeal flap surgery is the most commonly used operation to restore… …   Wikipedia

  • Articulatory phonetics — Manners of articulation Obstruent Plosive (occlusive) Affricate Fricative Sibilant Sonorant Nasal Flap/Tap Approximant …   Wikipedia

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