antimony
A metallic element, atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757, valences 0, −3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. SYN: stibium. [G. anti + monos, not found alone]
- a. chloride SYN: a. trichloride.
- a. dimercaptosuccinate an antiparasitic effective against Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium. SYN: stibocaptate.
- a. oxide SYN: a. trioxide.
- a. potassium tartrate a compound used as an expectorant and in the treatment of schistosomiasis japonicum, although it is extremely toxic and must be administered very slowly intravenously; common toxic manifestations are phlebitis, tachycardia, and hypotension; sudden deaths have been reported, chiefly from circulatory collapse. SYN: potassium antimonyltartrate, tartar emetic, tartrated a..
- a. sodium gluconate SYN: stibogluconate sodium (1).
- a. sodium tartrate used in the treatment of schistosomiasis, and as an emetic. SYN: sodium antimonyl tartrate.
- a. sodium thioglycollate a compound of a. trioxide and thioglycolic acid, used for tropical parasites.
- a. thioglycollamide the triamide of a. thioglycolic acid; used in the treatment of trypanosomiasis, kala azar, and filariasis.
- a. trichloride combines with vitamin A to form a blue compound and with β-carotene to form a green one, as a method for assay of these substances; also used externally as a caustic. SYN: a. chloride.
- a. trioxide used technically in paints and flame-proofing; also formerly used as an expectorant and emetic. SYN: antimonous oxide, a. oxide, flowers of a..

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an·ti·mo·ny 'ant-ə-.mō-nē n, pl -nies a trivalent and pentavalent metalloid element that is commonly metallic silvery white, crystalline, and brittle and is used esp. in alloys and semiconductors and in medicine as a constituent of various antiprotozoal agents (as tartar emetic) symbol Sb see ELEMENT (table)

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an·ti·mo·ny (Sb) (anґtĭ-mo″ne) a crystalline metallic element with a bluish luster, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75, forming various medicinal and poisonous salts. See also antimony poisoning and antimony pneumoconiosis. antimonial adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antimony — Administration Pays  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antimony — (n.) brittle metallic element, early 15c., from O.Fr. antimoine and directly from M.L. antimonium, an alchemist s term (used 11c. by Constantinus Africanus), origin obscure, probably a Latinization of Gk. stimmi powdered antimony, black antimony… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Antimony — An ti*mo*ny ([a^]n t[i^]*m[ o]*n[y^]; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antimony — Antimony, UT U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antimony, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • antimony — Symbol: Sb Atomic number: 51 Atomic weight: 121.75 Element of group 15. Multiple allotropic forms. The stable form of antimony is a blue white metal. Yellow and black antimony are unstable non metals. Used in flame proofing, paints, ceramics,… …   Elements of periodic system

  • antimony — [an′tə mō΄nē] n. [ME antimonie < OFr antimoine < ML antimonium < ? Ar al ithmid, antimony < Gr stimi (> L stibium) < Coptic stēm < Egypt sdmt, orig. mixture used to protect the eyes from flies] a silvery white, brittle,… …   English World dictionary

  • antimony — index antipode Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • antimony — ► NOUN ▪ a brittle silvery white metallic element. ORIGIN Latin antimonium …   English terms dictionary

  • Antimony — This article is about the element. For the town, see Antimony, Utah. Not to be confused with Antinomy, a type of paradox. tin ← antimony → tellurium As ↑ Sb ↓ Bi …   Wikipedia

  • antimony — antimonial, adj., n. /an teuh moh nee/, n. Chem. a brittle, lustrous, white metallic element occurring in nature free or combined, used chiefly in alloys and in compounds in medicine. Symbol: Sb; at. no.: 51; at. wt.: 121.75. [1375 1425; late ME… …   Universalium

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