- A metallic element, atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757, valences 0, −3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. SYN: stibium. [G. anti + monos, not found alone]- a. dimercaptosuccinate an antiparasitic effective against Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium. SYN: stibocaptate.- a. potassium tartrate a compound used as an expectorant and in the treatment of schistosomiasis japonicum, although it is extremely toxic and must be administered very slowly intravenously; common toxic manifestations are phlebitis, tachycardia, and hypotension; sudden deaths have been reported, chiefly from circulatory collapse. SYN: potassium antimonyltartrate, tartar emetic, tartrated a..- a. sodium tartrate used in the treatment of schistosomiasis, and as an emetic. SYN: sodium antimonyl tartrate.- a. sodium thioglycollate a compound of a. trioxide and thioglycolic acid, used for tropical parasites.- a. thioglycollamide the triamide of a. thioglycolic acid; used in the treatment of trypanosomiasis, kala azar, and filariasis.- a. trichloride combines with vitamin A to form a blue compound and with β-carotene to form a green one, as a method for assay of these substances; also used externally as a caustic. SYN: a. chloride.- a. trioxide used technically in paints and flame-proofing; also formerly used as an expectorant and emetic. SYN: antimonous oxide, a. oxide, flowers of a..
* * *an·ti·mo·ny 'ant-ə-.mō-nē n, pl -nies a trivalent and pentavalent metalloid element that is commonly metallic silvery white, crystalline, and brittle and is used esp. in alloys and semiconductors and in medicine as a constituent of various antiprotozoal agents (as tartar emetic) symbol Sb see ELEMENT (table)
* * *an·ti·mo·ny (Sb) (anґtĭ-mo″ne) a crystalline metallic element with a bluish luster, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75, forming various medicinal and poisonous salts. See also antimony poisoning and antimony pneumoconiosis. antimonial adj
Medical dictionary. 2011.