nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug


nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug
(NSAID) any of a large, chemically heterogeneous group of drugs that inhibit cyclooxygenase activity, resulting in decreased synthesis of prostaglandin and thromboxane precursors from arachidonic acid. All NSAIDs have analgesic, antipyretic, and antiinflammatory actions. Called also nonsteroidal antiinflammatory analgesic or agent.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug enteropathy — NSAID enteropathy, NSAID induced enteropathy intestinal irritation caused by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, usually in long term users; first there is increased permeability of the wall, and this may progress to perforations, ulcers, and… …   Medical dictionary

  • nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug gastropathy — NSAID gastropathy, NSAID induced gastropathy damage to the gastric mucosa resulting from use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs; the most common changes are mucosal erosions and small hemorrhages, especially in the fundus and body of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent — see under drug …   Medical dictionary

  • nonsteroidal antiinflammatory analgesic — (NSAIA) see under drug …   Medical dictionary

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug — Coated 200 mg Ibuprofen tablets, a common NSAID Nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs, usually abbreviated to NSAIDs or NAIDs, but also referred to as nonsteroidal anti inflammatory agents/analgesics (NSAIAs) or nonsteroidal Anti inflammatory… …   Wikipedia

  • Ibuprofen — Systematic (IUPAC) name (RS) 2 (4 (2 methylpropyl)phenyl)propanoic acid Clinical data Trade names Advil, Motrin …   Wikipedia

  • NSAID — Abbreviation for nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs, under drug; e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen. * * * nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug * * * NSAID en .sedalso .sād n a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug (as ibuprofen) * * * any one of a large… …   Medical dictionary

  • Ibuprofen — A non steroidal anti inflammatory drug (NSAID) commonly used to treat pain, swelling, and fever. * * * A propionic acid –derived, nonsteroidal analgesic and anti inflammatory agent. * * * ibu·pro·fen .ī byu̇ prō fən n a nonsteroidal anti… …   Medical dictionary

  • diclofenac — One of several nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs used in the treatment of rheumatic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis; also used in osteoarthritis and other conditions. Acts by preventing prostaglandin synthesis. * * * di·clo·fe·nac dī… …   Medical dictionary

  • sulindac — A nonsteroidal anti inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic actions. S. is a prodrug which is reduced to an active drug. * * * su·lin·dac sə lin .dak n a nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug C20H17FO3S used esp. in the treatment of… …   Medical dictionary


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