- Impaired or absent exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide on a ventilatory basis; combined hypercapnia and hypoxia or anoxia. [G. a- priv. + sphyzo, to throb]- local a. stagnation of the circulation, sometimes resulting in local gangrene, especially of the fingers; one of the symptoms usually associated with Raynaud disease.- symmetric a. SYN: Raynaud syndrome.- traumatic a. cyanotic a. due to trauma; the extravasation of blood into the skin and conjunctivae, produced by a sudden mechanical increase in venous pressure, analogous to the Rumpel-Leede test; it is common in those who have been hanged, and is seen occasionally in crush injuries. SYN: pressure stasis.
* * *as·phyx·ia as-'fik-sē-ə, əs- n a lack of oxygen or excess of carbon dioxide in the body that is usu. caused by interruption of breathing and that causes unconsciousness compare SUFFOCATIONas·phyx·i·al -sē-əl adj
* * *n.suffocation: a life-threatening condition in which oxygen is prevented from reaching the tissues by obstruction of or damage to any part of the respiratory system. Drowning, choking, and breathing poisonous gas all lead to asphyxia. Unless the condition is remedied by removing the obstruction (when present) and by artificial respiration if necessary, there is progressive cyanosis leading to death. Brain cells cannot live for more than about four minutes without oxygen.
* * *as·phyx·ia (as-fikґse-ə) [Gr. â€œa stopping of the pulseâ€] pathological changes caused by lack of oxygen in respired air, resulting in hypoxia and hypercapnia; see also respiration. asphyxial adj
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Asphyxia — As*phyx i*a, Asphyxy As*phyx y, n. [NL. asphyxia, fr. Gr. ?; a priv. + ? to throb, beat.] (Med.) Apparent death, or suspended animation; the condition which results from interruption of respiration, as in suffocation or drowning, or the… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
asphyxia — 1706, stoppage of pulse, from Modern Latin, from Gk. asphyxia stopping of the pulse, from a not + sphyzein to throb. The current sense of suffocation is from 1778, but it is a curious infelicity of etymology [OED] since victims of suffocation… … Etymology dictionary
asphyxia — [as fik′sē ə] n. [ModL < Gr, stopping of the pulse < a , not + sphyzein, to throb] loss of consciousness as a result of too little oxygen and too much carbon dioxide in the blood: suffocation causes asphyxia … English World dictionary
asphyxia — ► NOUN ▪ a condition caused by the body being deprived of oxygen, leading to unconsciousness or death. DERIVATIVES asphyxiant adjective & noun. ORIGIN Greek asphuxia, from a without + sphuxis pulse … English terms dictionary
Asphyxia — Smother redirects here. For other uses, see Smother (disambiguation). Suffocation redirects here. For other uses, see Suffocation (disambiguation). Asphyxia Classification and external resources ICD 10 R09.0, T … Wikipedia
Asphyxia — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 R09.0 Asphyxie … Deutsch Wikipedia
asphyxia — asphyxial, adj. /as fik see euh/, n. Pathol. the extreme condition caused by lack of oxygen and excess of carbon dioxide in the blood, produced by interference with respiration or insufficient oxygen in the air; suffocation. [1700 10; < NL < Gk… … Universalium
asphyxia — [[t]æsfɪ̱ksiə[/t]] N UNCOUNT Asphyxia is death or loss of consciousness caused by being unable to breathe properly. [MEDICAL] Most deaths occurred from asphyxia through smoke inhalation. Syn: suffocation … English dictionary
asphyxia — n. suffocation. ♦ asphyxial, a. ♦ asphyxiant, n. & a. (substance) causing asphyxia. ♦ asphyxiate, v.i. & t. ♦ asphyxiator, n. substance causing asphyxia … Dictionary of difficult words
asphyxia — noun A condition in which an extreme decrease in the concentration of oxygen in the body accompanied by an increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide leads to loss of consciousness or death. Asphyxia can be induced by choking, drowning,… … Wiktionary