familial combined hyperlipidemia


familial combined hyperlipidemia
a genetically heterogeneous, autosomal dominant disorder of lipoprotein metabolism manifest in adulthood as either hypercholesterolemia (type II-a hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype), hypertriglyceridemia (type IV hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype), or a combination (type II-b hyperlipoproteinemia phenotype); different phenotypes may succeed each other in a single individual. The disorder is characterized by greatly elevated plasma apolipoprotein B and premature coronary atherosclerosis, but only occasionally xanthomas. Called also multiple lipoprotein–type h. See also table of hyperlipoproteinemias.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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