benzoin


benzoin
A balsamic resin obtained from Styrax b. (family Styracaceae), used as a stimulant expectorant, but usually by inhalation in laryngitis and bronchitis; it retards rancidification of fats and is used for this purpose in the official benzoinated lard. SYN: gum benjamin, gum b.. [It. benzoino, fr. Ar. luban jawiy, Javan incense]

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ben·zo·in 'ben-zə-wən, -.wēn; -.zȯin n
1) a hard fragrant yellowish balsamic resin from trees (genus Styrax of the family Styracaceae) of southeastern Asia used esp. as an expectorant and topically to relieve skin irritations
2) a white crystalline hydroxy ketone C14H12O2 made from benzaldehyde
3) a tree yielding benzoin

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ben·zo·in (benґzo-in)1. [USP] a balsamic resin with an aromatic odor and taste, obtained from certain species of Styrax; it is used as a topical skin protectant, topical antiseptic, irritant expectorant, and inhalant in respiratory tract inflammation. Called also gum benjamin and gum benzoin. 2. a highly toxic crystalline compound, C14H12O2, prepared by the condensation of benzaldehyde in an alkaline cyanide solution, used in organic synthesis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzoin — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Benzoin — Ben*zoin (b[e^]n*zoin ), n. [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp. benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. lub[=a]n j[=a]w[=i] incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Cf. {Benjamin}.] Note: [Called also {benjamin}.] 1. A resinous… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzoin — balsamic resin obtained from a tree (Styrax benzoin) of Indonesia, 1560s (earlier as bengewine, 1550s), from M.Fr. benjoin (16c.), which comes via Spanish, Portuguese, or Italian from Arabic luban jawi incense of Java (actually Sumatra, with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Benzoin — Benzoin, Benzol u. Benzon, s.u. Benzoyl B) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Benzoīn — Benzoīn, Baum, s. Styrax …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • benzoin — [ben′zō in΄, ben zō′in; ben′zoin΄] n. [Fr benjoin < It benzoino < Ar lubān jāwī, incense of Java: lu dropped because falsely assumed to be the article] 1. a balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asiatic trees (genus Styrax of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Benzoin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Benzoin Andere Namen 2 Hy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • benzoin — benzoin1 /ben zoh in, zoyn, ben zoh in/, n. 1. Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a vanillalike odor, obtained from trees of the genus Styrax, esp. S.… …   Universalium

  • Benzoin — Ben|zo|in [zu ↑ Benzoe], das; s, e: Syn.: 2 Hydroxy 1,2 diphenylethanon: ein ↑ Acyloin, das natürlicherweise im Benzoeharz (Benzoin) vorkommt oder durch Benzoin Addition (früher: B. Kondensation, vgl. Acyloin Addition) herzustellen ist. * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • benzoin — benzoinis stirakas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Stirakinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Styrax benzoin), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. Iš jo gaunami lipai, eterinis aliejus ir derva. atitikmenys: lot. Styrax benzoin angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)


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