bulb


bulb
1. Any globular or fusiform structure. SYN: bulbus [TA]. 2. A short, vertical underground stem of plants, such as onion and garlic. [L. bulbus, a bulbous root]
- aortic b. [TA] the dilated first part of the aorta containing the aortic semilunar valves and the aortic sinuses. SYN: arterial b., bulbus aortae.
- arterial b. SYN: aortic b..
- Braasch b. SYN: Braasch catheter.
- carotid b. SYN: carotid sinus.
- b. of corpus spongiosum SYN: b. of penis.
- dental b. the papilla, derived from mesoderm, that forms the part of the primordium of a tooth that is situated within the cup-shaped enamel organ.
- duodenal b. SYN: duodenal cap.
- end b. one of the oval or rounded bodies in which the sensory nerve fibers terminate in mucous membrane.
- b. of eye SYN: eyeball.
- hair b. SYN: b. of hair.
- b. of hair hair b., the lower expanded extremity of the hair follicle that fits like a cap over the papilla pili. SYN: bulbus pili, hair b..
- jugular b. SYN: b. of jugular vein.
- b. of jugular vein [TA] one of two dilated parts of the internal jugular vein : (1) the superior b. (Heister diverticulum) is a dilation at the beginning of the internal jugular vein in the jugular fossa of the temporal bone (bulbus superior venae jugularis [TA]); (2) the inferior b. is a dilated portion of the vein just before it reaches the brachiocephalic vein (bulbus inferior venae jugularis [TA]). SYN: jugular b.. SYN: bulbus venae jugularis [TA].
- Krause end bulbs nerve terminals in skin, mouth, conjunctiva, and other parts, consisting of a laminated capsule of connective tissue enclosing the terminal, branched, convoluted ending of an afferent nerve fiber; generally believed to be sensitive to cold. SYN: bulboid corpuscles, corpuscula bulboidea.
- b. of occipital horn [TA] a rounded elevation in the dorsal part of the medial wall of the posterior horn of the lateral ventricle, produced by the major forceps. SYN: bulbus cornus posterioris [TA].
- olfactory b. [TA] the grayish expanded rostral extremity of the olfactory tract, lying on the cribriform plate of the ethmoid and receiving the olfactory filaments. SYN: bulbus olfactorius [TA].
- b. of penis [TA] the expanded proximal (posterior) part of the corpus spongiosum of the penis lying in the interval between the crura of the penis and containing the somewhat dilated and angulated portion of the spongy urethra. SYN: bulbus penis [TA], b. of corpus spongiosum, b. of urethra, bulbus urethrae.
- b. of posterior horn of lateral ventricle of brain SYN: bulbus cornus posterioris.
- Rouget b. a venous plexus on the surface of the ovary.
- speech b. a speech prosthesis used to close a cleft or other opening in the hard or soft palate, or to replace absent tissue necessary for the production of good speech.
- taste b. SYN: taste bud.
- b. of urethra SYN: b. of penis.
- b. of vestibule [TA] a mass of erectile tissue on either side of the vagina united anterior to the urethra by the commissura bulborum. SYN: bulbus vestibuli vaginae [TA].

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bulb 'bəlb n
1) a rounded dilation or expansion of something cylindrical <the \bulb of a thermometer> esp a rounded or pear-shaped enlargement on a small base <the \bulb of an eyedropper>
2) a rounded part: as
a) a rounded enlargement of one end of a part see BULB OF THE PENIS, BULB OF THE VESTIBULE, END BULB, hair bulb, OLFACTORY BULB
b) MEDULLA OBLONGATA broadly the hindbrain exclusive of the cerebellum
c) a thick-walled muscular enlargement of the pharynx of certain nematode worms

* * *

n.
(in anatomy) any rounded structure or a rounded expansion at the end of an organ or part.

* * *

(bulb) [L. bulbus; Gr. bolbos] a rounded mass, or enlargement. See also bulbus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:
(like those of the onion and the tulip) /


Look at other dictionaries:

  • bulb — bulb …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • bulb — BULB, bulbi, s.m. 1. Tulpină (subterană) a unor plante, alcătuită din frunze în formă de tunici sau solzi suprapuşi (în care se depun substanţe de rezervă), cu un înveliş membranos uscat. 2. (În sintagmele) Bulb pilos = partea terminală, umflată …   Dicționar Român

  • Bulb — (b[u^]lb), n. [L. bulbus, Gr. bolbo s: cf. F. bulbe.] 1. (Bot.) A spheroidal body growing from a plant either above or below the ground (usually below), which is strictly a bud, consisting of a cluster of partially developed leaves, and producing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bulb — [bulb] n. [ME < L bulbus < Gr bolbos] 1. an underground bud that sends down roots and consists of a very short stem covered with leafy scales or layers, as in a lily, onion or hyacinth 2. a corm, tuber, or tuberous root resembling a bulb,… …   English World dictionary

  • bulb — [bʌlb] n ↑filament, ↑thread [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: bulbus, from Greek bolbos plant with a bulb ] 1.) the glass part of an electric light, that the light shines from = ↑light bulb ▪ a 100 watt bulb …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • bulb — (n.) 1560s, an onion, from M.Fr. bulbe, from L. bulbus bulb, onion, from Gk. bolbos plant with round swelling on underground stem. Expanded by 1800 to swelling in a glass tube (thermometer bulb, light bulb, etc.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bulb — bulb; bulb·less; bulb·let; pseu·do·bulb; …   English syllables

  • Bulb — Bulb, v. i. To take the shape of a bulb; to swell. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bulb — [ bʌlb ] noun count * 1. ) the part of a plant that is shaped like an onion from which a flower grows. You plant bulbs in the ground: daffodil bulbs 2. ) a LIGHT BULB …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • bulb — ► NOUN 1) a rounded underground storage organ present in some plants, consisting of a short stem surrounded by fleshy leaf bases. 2) a light bulb. 3) an expanded or rounded part at the end of something. ORIGIN Greek bolbos onion, bulbous root …   English terms dictionary

  • bulb — Mot Monosíl·lab Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català


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