- Commonly used abbreviation for cystic fibrosis, one of the most frequent and serious genetic diseases, CF affects the exocrine glands and is characterized by the production of abnormal secretions, leading to mucous build-up. This accumulation of mucus can impair the pancreas and, secondarily, the intestine. Mucous build-up in lungs tends progressively to impair respiration. Without treatment, CF results in death for 95% of affected children before age 5. However, with diligent medical care patients with CF are surviving even beyond middle age. Early diagnosis of CF is of great importance. Early and continuing treatment of CF is essential for long-term survival. However, as more people with CF survive childhood, new problems are emerging. For example, 68% of 75 adult women with CF reported leakage of urine within the past year. Coughing, sneezing, laughing and airway clearance provoked the leakage, which was worse when their chest disease was most severe. CF is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and affects both boys and girls. One in 400 white couples is at risk for having children with CF and their risk with each pregnancy is 1 in 4, so (multiplying 1 in 400 times 1 in 4) the overall risk that their child will have CF is 1 in 1600. Note that once a couple has had a CF child, the risk that each of their subsequent children will have CF drops to 1 in 4 (25%). The treatment of CF includes physical therapy to loosen the mucus in the lungs, pancreatic enzymes, and medications to fight dangerous infections of the lungs. CF is caused by mutations in a gene called CFTR (for the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator), which is located on chromosome 7.
* * ** * *calcaneal fibular [ligament]; calcium leucovorin; calf blood flow; calibration factor; cancer-free; carbol-fuchsin; carbon filtered; carboxyfluorescein; cardiac failure; cardiac fibroblast; carotid foramen; carrier-free; cascade filtration; case file; Caucasian female; centrifugal force; cervical fluid; characteristic frequency; chemotactic factor; chest and left leg [lead in electrocardiography]; Chiari-Frommel [syndrome]; chick fibroblast; Christmas factor; chronicity factor; circumflex; citrovorum factor; clotting factor; colicin factor; collected fluid; colonization factor; colony forming; complementary feeding; complement fixation; computed fluoroscopy; constant frequency; contractile force; cord factor; coronary flow; correction factor; cough frequency; count fingers; counting finger; coupling factor; cycling fibroblast; cystic fibrosis; folinic acid [citrovorum factor]
* * *CF abbr1) complement fixation2) cystic fibrosis
* * *carbolfuchsin; cardiac failure; Christmas factor; citrovorum factor.
Medical dictionary. 2011.