- Cayenne, African, or red pepper, the dried ripe fruit of C. frutescens (family Solanaceae); used as a carminative, gastrointestinal stimulant, and externally as a rubefacient.
* * *cap·si·cum 'kap-si-kəm n1) cap a genus of tropical herbs and shrubs of the nightshade family (Solanaceae) widely cultivated for their many-seeded usu. fleshy-walled berries2) any plant of the genus Capsicum called also pepper3) the dried ripe fruit of some capsicums (as C. frutescens) used as a gastric and intestinal stimulant
* * *Cap·si·cum (kapґsĭ-kəm) [L.] a genus of plants of the family Solanaceae, including types of hot peppers. C. frutesґcens is the African chili; C. anґnum var. conoiґdis is the tabasco pepper; and C. anґnum var. lonґgum is the Louisiana long pepper. See also capsicum.
Medical dictionary. 2011.