- descending inhibitory reflex
- the component of the peristaltic reflex in which muscles distal to a bolus relax so that the bolus can move along.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
peristaltic reflex — when a portion of the intestine is irritated or distended, the area just proximal contracts (see ascending excitatory r.) and the area just distal relaxes (see descending inhibitory r.) … Medical dictionary
nervous system, human — ▪ anatomy Introduction system that conducts stimuli from sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord and that conducts impulses back to other parts of the body. As with other higher vertebrates, the human nervous system has two main… … Universalium
digestive system, human — Introduction the system used in the human body for the process of digestion. The human digestive system consists primarily of the digestive tract (alimentary canal), or the series of structures and organs through which food and liquids pass… … Universalium
nervous system — Anat., Zool. 1. the system of nerves and nerve centers in an animal or human, including the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and ganglia. 2. a particular part of this system. Cf. autonomic nervous system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous… … Universalium
ear, human — ▪ anatomy Introduction organ of hearing and equilibrium that detects and analyzes noises by transduction (or the conversion of sound waves into electrochemical impulses) and maintains the sense of balance (equilibrium). The human ear, like … Universalium
nervous system disease — Introduction any of the diseases or disorders that affect the functioning of the human nervous system (nervous system, human). Everything that humans sense, consider, and effect and all the unlearned reflexes of the body depend on the… … Universalium
renal system — ▪ anatomy Introduction in humans (human body), organ system that includes the kidneys, where urine is produced, and the ureters, bladder, and urethra for the passage, storage, and voiding of urine. In many respects the human excretory, or… … Universalium
Urination — Manneken Pis, bronze sculpture in Brussels, Belgium Urination, also known as micturition, voiding, peeing, weeing, pissing, and more rarely, emiction, is the ejection of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the… … Wikipedia
Vestibular system — The vestibular system, which is a contributor to our balance system and our sense of spatial orientation, is the sensory system that provides the dominant input about movement and equilibrioception. Together with the cochlea, a part of the… … Wikipedia
Cerebellum — This article is about the smaller region in the lower part of the brain. For the large region of the brain, see Cerebrum. Brain: Cerebellum A human brain, with the cerebellum colored in purple … Wikipedia