chemotherapy


chemotherapy
Treatment of disease by means of chemical substances or drugs; usually used in reference to neoplastic disease. SEE ALSO: pharmacotherapy.
- adjuvant c. c. given in addition to surgical therapy, in order to reduce the risk of local or systemic relapse.
- combination c. c. with more than one drug, to benefit from their dissimilar toxicities.
- consolidation c. repetitive cycles of treatment during the immediate post-remission period, used especially for leukemia. SYN: intensification c..
- cytostatic c. c. that does not allow tumor cell proliferation, but may not kill cells.
- cytotoxic c. c. designed to kill tumor cells.
- induction c. use of c. as initial treatment before surgery or radiotherapy of a malignancy.
- intensification c. SYN: consolidation c..
- salvage c. use of c. in a patient with recurrence of a malignancy following initial treatment, in hope of a cure or prolongation of life. SYN: salvage therapy.

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che·mo·ther·a·py -'ther-ə-pē n, pl -pies the use of chemical agents in the treatment or control of disease or mental disorder

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n.
the prevention or treatment of disease by the use of chemical substances. The term is increasingly restricted to the treatment of cancer with antimetabolites and similar drugs (see cytotoxic drug), in contrast to radiotherapy, but is also still sometimes used for antibiotic and other treatment of infectious diseases.

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che·mo·ther·a·py (ke″mo-therґə-pe) the treatment of disease by chemical agents; originally applied to use of chemicals that affect the causative organism unfavorably but do not harm the patient. Cf. pharmacotherapy. chemotherapeutic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chemotherapy — n. the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness); also used especially in reference to the use of chemicals to treat cancer. [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chemotherapy — 1907, from Ger. Chemotherapie, coined by Ger. biochemist Paul Ehrlich (1854 1915), from CHEMO (Cf. chemo ) + therapie (see THERAPY (Cf. therapy)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chemotherapy — ► NOUN ▪ the treatment of disease, especially cancer, by the use of chemical substances …   English terms dictionary

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  • Chemotherapy — A woman being treated with docetaxel chemotherapy for breast cancer. Cold mittens and wine coolers are placed on her hands and feet to reduce harm to her nails. Chemotherapy (sometimes cancer chemotherapy) is the treatment of cancer with an… …   Wikipedia

  • chemotherapy — chemotherapist, n. /kee moh ther euh pee, kem oh /, n. Med. the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue. Cf.… …   Universalium

  • chemotherapy — noun Chemotherapy is used before these nouns: ↑regimen …   Collocations dictionary

  • chemotherapy — [[t]ki͟ːmoʊθe̱rəpi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease using chemicals. It is often used in treating cancer …   English dictionary

  • chemotherapy — chemoterapija statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Infekcinių, invazinių ir navikinių ligų gydymas cheminiais preparatais, naikinančiais ligos sukėlėjus, slopinančiais jų augimą ir dauginimąsi. atitikmenys: angl. chemotherapy vok …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • chemotherapy — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1910 the use of chemical agents in the treatment or control of disease (as cancer) or mental illness • chemotherapist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • chemotherapy — Treatment of a disease with drugs that are designed to kill the causative organism or, in the case of tumours, the abnormal cells …   Dictionary of molecular biology


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