Adenine (A)
One member of the A-T (adenine-thymine) base pair in DNA. The other base pair in DNA is G-C (guanine-cytosine). Each base pair forms a "rung of the DNA ladder." A DNA nucleotide is made of a molecule of sugar, a molecule of phosphoric acid, and a molecule called a base. The bases are the "letters" that spell out the genetic code. In DNA, the code letters are A, T, G, and C, which stand for the chemicals adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine, respectively. In DNA base pairing, adenine always pairs with thymine, and guanine always pairs with cytosine. Adenine is also one of the bases in RNA. There it always pairs with uracil (U). The base pairs in RNA are therefore A-U and G-C.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Adenine — Adénine Adénine Structure de la 9H Adénine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adénine — Structure de la 9H Adénine Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adenine — Adenine, benannt nach der Nukleinbase Adenin, ist eine Skriptsprache, welche im Rahmen des Haystack und Oxygen Projekts vom MIT Computer Science And Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) in Zusammenarbeit mit NTT entwickelt wird. Ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • adénine — [ adenin ] n. f. • 1885 Adenin, en all.; du gr. adên « glande » et ine ♦ Biochim. Base azotée purique, l une des quatre bases essentielles des acides nucléiques. ● adénine nom féminin Base purique constitutive des acides nucléiques (A.D.N., A.R.N …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • adenine — adenine. См. аденин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • adenine — (n.) crystaline base, 1885, coined by German physiologist/chemist Albrecht Kossel (1853 1927) from Gk. aden gland + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2). So called because it was derived from the pancreas of an ox …   Etymology dictionary

  • adenine — [ad′ə nēn΄, ad′ənin΄] n. [ ADEN(O) + INE3] a white, crystalline purine base, C5H5N5, contained in the DNA, RNA, and ADP of all tissue: it links with thymine in the DNA structure …   English World dictionary

  • Adenine — chembox ImageFile1 = Adenine chemical structure.png ImageSize1 = 150px ImageFileL2 = Adenine 3D balls.png ImageSizeL2 = 100px ImageFileR2 = Adenine 3D vdW.png ImageSizeR2 = 100px IUPACName = 9H purin 6 amine OtherNames = 6 aminopurine Section1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • adenine — /ad n in, een , uyn /, n. Biochem. a purine base, C5H5N5, one of the fundamental components of nucleic acids, as DNA, in which it forms a base pair with thymine, and RNA, in which it pairs with uracil. Symbol: A [1880 85; < G Adenin; see ADEN ,… …   Universalium

  • adenine — One of the two major purines (the other being guanine) found in both RNA and DNA, and also in various free nucleotides of importance to the body, such as AMP (adenylic acid), ATP, NAD+ and NADP+, and FAD; in all these smaller compounds, a. is… …   Medical dictionary

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