citrate


citrate
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulants because they bind calcium ions.
- c. aldolase SYN: c. lyase.
- ATP c. (pro-3S)-lyase an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of ATP, c., and coenzyme A to form ADP, orthophosphate, oxaloacetate, and acetyl-CoA. An important step in fatty acid biosynthesis. SYN: c.-cleavage enzyme.
- c. lyase c. (pro-3S)-lyase; an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of c. to oxaloacetate and acetate, in the absence of coenzyme A. SYN: citrase, citratase, c. aldolase.
- c. synthase c. (si)-synthase; an enzyme catalyzing the condensation of oxaloacetate, water, and acetyl-CoA, forming c. and coenzyme A; an important step in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. SYN: condensing enzyme, oxaloacetate transacetase.

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cit·rate 'si-.trāt n a salt or ester of citric acid

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cit·rate (sitґrāt) any anionic form, salt, or ester of citric acid. For specific salts, see entries under the adjectival form, e.g., for ferric citrate, see under ferric.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • citrate — [ sitrat ] n. m. • 1782; du lat. citrus ♦ Chim. Sel de l acide citrique. Citrate de sodium. ● citrate nom masculin Sel ou ester de l acide citrique. citrate n. m. CHIM Nom des sels et esters de l acide citrique. ⇒CITRATE, subst. masc. CHIM. Sel… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Citrate — Cit rate, n. [From {Citric}.] (Chem.) A salt of citric acid. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Citrāte — Citrāte, Zitronensäuresalze, z. B. Natriumcitrat, zitronensaures Natron …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Citrate —   [lateinisch], Singular Citrat das, s, Zitrate, die Salze und Ester der Zitronensäure …   Universal-Lexikon

  • citrate — [si′trāt΄, sī′trāt΄] n. [ CITR(I) + ATE2] a salt or ester of citric acid …   English World dictionary

  • Citrate — The citrate anion A citrat …   Wikipedia

  • Citrate — Acide citrique Acide citrique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • citrate — 1. noun Any salt or ester of citric acid. See Also: ferric ammonium citrate, Benedicts solution, sildenafil citrate, Viagra 2. verb To cause to form citrate …   Wiktionary

  • CITRATE — n. m. T. de Chimie Nom générique des sels formés par la combinaison de l’acide citrique avec différentes bases. Les citrates, autres que le citrate de chaux et le citrate de magnésie, ne sont d’aucun usage …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • Citrate — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Citronensäure Andere Namen Zitronens …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • citrate — noun /ˈsɪtreɪt/ (say sitrayt), /ˈsaɪ / (say suy ) 1. a salt or ester of citric acid. –verb (t) /sɪˈtreɪt/ (say si trayt), /saɪˈtreɪt/ (say suy trayt) (citrated, citrating) 2. to treat with a citrate, especially with sodium citrate …   Australian English dictionary


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