Code


Code
The genetic code is the correspondence between the triplet of bases in DNA with the amino acids. The discovery of the genetic code clearly ranks as one of the premiere events of what has been called the Golden Age of Biology (and Medicine).
* * *
1. A set of rules, principles, or ethics. 2. Any system devised to convey information or facilitate communication. 3. Term used in hospitals to describe an emergency requiring situation trained members of the staff, such as a cardiopulmonary resuscitation team, or the signal to summon such a team. 4. A numeric system for ordering and classifying information, e.g., about diagnostic categories. [L. codex, book]
- genetic c. the genetic information carried by the specific DNA molecules of the chromosomes; specifically, the system whereby particular combinations of three consecutive nucleotides in a DNA molecule control the insertion of one particular amino acid in equivalent places in a protein molecule. The genetic c. is almost universal throughout the prokaryotic, plant, and animal kingdoms. There are two known exceptions. In ciliated protozoans, the triplets AGA and AGG are read as termination signals instead of as l-arginine. This is also true of the human mitochondrial c., which, in addition, uses AUA as a c. for l-methionine (instead of isoleucine) and UGA for l-tryptophan (instead of a termination signal).
- soundex c. a sequence of letters used for recording names phonetically, especially in record linkage.

* * *

code 'kōd n
1) GENETIC CODE
2) CODE BLUE
code vb, cod·ed; cod·ing vt to specify the genetic code for <an amino acid coded by a nucleotide sequence> vi
1) to specify the genetic code <the DNA sequence of the gene that \codes for that protein (Gina B. Kolata)>
2) to experience cardiac arrest or respiratory failure <the patient coded a second time>

* * *

(kōd) [L. codex something written] 1. a set of rules governing one's conduct. 2. a system by which information can be communicated.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • code — code …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • codé — codé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • code — [ kɔd ] n. m. • 1220; lat. jurid. codex « planchette, recueil » 1 ♦ Recueil de lois. Le code de Justinien, et absolt le Code. Ensemble des lois et dispositions légales relatives à une matière spéciale. Livre, article d un code. Le C ODE CIVIL ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • code — [kəʊd ǁ koʊd] noun 1. [countable] LAW a complete set of written rules or laws: • Each state in the US has a different criminal and civil code. ˈbuilding code [countable] LAW a set of rules that states what features a new building, bridge etc… …   Financial and business terms

  • Code — redirects here. CODE may also refer to Cultural Olympiad Digital Edition. Decoded redirects here. For the television show, see Brad Meltzer s Decoded. For code (computer programming), see source code. For other uses, see Code (disambiguation).… …   Wikipedia

  • code — n [Old French, from Medieval Latin codex, from Latin caudex codex tree trunk, set of wood writing tablets, book] 1: a systematic compilation or revision of law or legal principles that is arranged esp. by subject: as a: one that contains the law… …   Law dictionary

  • Codé — Code Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Code-2 — (Computador Didáctico Elemental, versión 2), y su predecesor ODE son dos procesadores ideados por los profesores Alberto Prieto y Antonio Lloris, de la Universidad de Granada, para facilitar la compresión del funcionamiento y el diseño hardware… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Code QR — Pour les articles homonymes, voir QR. Un exemple de code QR Le code QR ou QR Code (en anglais) est un code barres en 2 dimensions (code matrice) pouvant stocker jusqu à 7089 c …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Code 46 — film poster Directed by Michael Winterbottom Produced by …   Wikipedia

  • code — code; code·less; en·code·ment; iden·ta·code; man·u·code; re·code; sar·code; mi·cro·code; post·code; zip·code; de·code; en·code; os·tra·code; …   English syllables


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.