collodion


collodion
A liquid made by dissolving pyroxylin or gun cotton in ether and alcohol; on evaporation it leaves a glossy contractile film; used as a protective for cuts or as a vehicle for the local application of medicinal substances. SYN: collodium. [Mod. L. collodium, fr. G. kolla, glue]
- blistering c. SYN: cantharidal c..
- cantharidal c. a powdered chloroform extract of cantharides in flexible c.; a vesicant. SYN: blistering c., c. vesicans.
- flexible c. a mixture of camphor, castor oil, and c., or a mixture of castor oil, Canada turpentine, and c., used for the same purposes as c., but its film possesses the advantage, for certain conditions, of not contracting.
- hemostatic c. SYN: styptic c..
- iodized c. a 5% solution of iodine in flexible c.; a counterirritant.
- salicylic acid c. a keratolytic agent used in the treatment of corns and verrucae.
- styptic c. tannic acid in flexible c.; an astringent and local hemostatic. SYN: hemostatic c., styptic colloid, xylostyptic ether.
- c. vesicans SYN: cantharidal c..

* * *

col·lo·di·on kə-'lōd-ē-ən n a viscous solution of pyroxylin used esp. as a coating for wounds or for photographic films

* * *

n.
a syrupy solution of nitrocellulose in a mixture of alcohol and ether. When applied to the surface of the body it evaporates to leave a thin clear transparent skin, useful for the protection of minor wounds. Flexible collodion also contains camphor and castor oil, which allow the skin to stretch a little more.

* * *

col·lo·di·on (kə-loґde-ən) [L. collodium, from Gr. kollōdēs glutinous] [USP] a clear or slightly opalescent, highly flammable, syrupy liquid compounded of pyroxylin, ether, and alcohol, which dries to a transparent, tenacious film; used as a topical protectant, applied to the skin to close small wounds, abrasions, and cuts, to hold surgical dressings in place, and to keep medications in contact with the skin.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Collodion — is a flammable, syrupy solution of pyroxylin (a.k.a. nitrocellulose , cellulose nitrate , flash paper , and gun cotton ) in ether and alcohol. There are two basic types; flexible and non flexible. The flexible type is often used as a surgical… …   Wikipedia

  • Collodion — Propriétés physiques T° ébullition 34 °C (1 atm)[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • collodion — [ kɔlɔdjɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1848; gr. kollodês « collant », de kolla « colle » ♦ Solution de nitrocellulose dans de l éther alcoolisé, utilisée en photographie et en chirurgie. ● collodion nom masculin (latin scientifique collodium, du grec kollôdês,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Collodion — Col*lo di*on, n. [Gr. ? like glue; ko lla glue + ? form. Cf. {Colloid}.] (Chem.) A solution of pyroxylin (soluble gun cotton) in ether containing a varying proportion of alcohol. It is strongly adhesive, and is used by surgeons as a coating for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • collodion — ☆ collodion [kə lō′dē ən ] n. [< Gr kollōdēs, gluelike < kolla, glue + eidos, form] a highly flammable, colorless or pale yellow, viscous solution of pyroxylin in a mixture of alcohol and ether: it dries quickly, forming a tough, elastic… …   English World dictionary

  • collodion — kolodijus statusas Aprobuotas sritis farmacinės formos apibrėžtis Skystas preparatas, kurį paprastai sudaro piroksilinas eterio ir etanolio mišinyje. Užtepus ant odos toje vietoje susidaro lanksti plėvelė. atitikmenys: angl. collodion vok.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • collodion — n. a syrupy solution of nitrocellulose in a mixture of alcohol and ether. When applied to the surface of the body it evaporates to leave a thin clear transparent skin, useful for the protection of minor wounds. Flexible collodion also contains… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • collodion — kolodijus statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis 4% koloksilino tirpalas etanolio ir dietileterio mišinyje. atitikmenys: angl. collodion rus. коллодий …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • collodion — noun Etymology: modification of New Latin collodium, from Greek kollōdēs glutinous, from kolla glue more at protocol Date: 1851 a viscous solution of pyroxylin used especially as a coating for wounds or for photographic films …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • COLLODION — n. m. T. de Chimie Produit de la dissolution de la poudre coton dans un mélange d’alcool et d’éther …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.