Congenital


Congenital
Present at birth. A condition that is congenital is one that is present at birth. There are numerous uses of "congenital" in medicine. There are, for example, congenital abnormalities. (For more examples, see below.) Versus "genetic": One dictionary erroneously defines "congenital" as meaning: "Occurring prior to birth, due to parent's genetic input." Congenital does not mean genetic. Something that is congenital may or may not be genetic (inherited). For example, congenital syphilis is present at birth but is not genetic. Timing: Something that is congenital may or may not occur "prior to birth." The essential feature is that it is there at birth (if not before). Etymology: Congenital comes from the Latin congenitus which is made up of com-, with + genitus, the past participle of gignere, to bring forth. The word "congenital" has not been used in English since its birth but first appeared in 1796. The term "congenital" is synonymous with "innate." Examples of terms using the word "congenital: {{}}Congenital achromatopsia Congenital anemia and triphalangeal thumbs Congenital anomaly Congenital arthrogryposis Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome Congenital clasped thumb with mental retardation Congenital deafness Congenital defect Congenital heart disease Congenital hemolytic jaundice Congenital hip dislocation Congenital hypothyroidism Congenital malformation Congenital neutropenia Congenital ptosis of the eyelids Congenital torticollis
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Existing at birth, referring to certain mental or physical traits, anomalies, malformations, diseases, etc. which may be either hereditary or due to an influence occurring during gestation up to the moment of birth. SYN: congenitus. [L. congenitus, born with]

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con·gen·i·tal kän-'jen-ə-təl adj
1) existing at or dating from birth <\congenital deafness>
2) acquired during development in the uterus and not through heredity <\congenital syphilis> compare ACQUIRED (2), FAMILIAL, HEREDITARY
con·gen·i·tal·ly -təl-ē adv

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adj.
describing a condition that is recognized at birth or that is believed to have been present since birth. Congenital malformations include all disorders present at birth whether they are inherited or caused by an environmental factor.

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con·gen·i·tal (kən-jenґĭ-təl) [L. congenitus born together] existing at, and usually before, birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation. Cf. hereditary.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • congénital — congénital, ale, aux [ kɔ̃ʒenital, o ] adj. • 1784; du lat. congenitus « né avec » 1 ♦ (Opposé à acquis) Qui est présent à la naissance; dont l origine se situe pendant la vie intra utérine. Maladie, malformation congénitale. ⇒ héréditaire, inné …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • congenital — CONGENITÁL, Ă, congenitali, e, adj. Care există în momentul naşterii; din naştere, înnăscut. – Din fr. congénital. Trimis de irene bujenita, 13.08.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  CONGENITÁL adj. v. înnăscut. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime … …   Dicționar Român

  • Congenital — Con*gen i*tal (k[o^]n*j[e^]n [i^]*tal), a. [From {Congenite}.] Existing at, or dating from, birth; pertaining to one from birth; born with one; connate; constitutional; natural; as, a congenital deformity; a congenital liar. See {Connate} and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • congénital — congénital, ale (kon jé ni tal, ta l ) adj. Terme de médecine. Qui naît avec. Maladie congénitale. Déplacements congénitaux. REMARQUE    L Académie dit congénital ou congénial. C est une confusion vicieuse. Congénial dans le sens de congénital… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • congenital — [kən jen′ə təl] adj. [< L congenitus, born together with < com , together + genitus: see GENITAL] 1. existing as such at birth [a congenital disease] 2. existing as if inborn; inherent [a congenital cheerfulness] SYN. INNATE congenitally… …   English World dictionary

  • congenital — ► ADJECTIVE 1) (of a disease or abnormality) present from birth. 2) having a particular trait from or as if from birth: a congenital liar. DERIVATIVES congenitally adverb. ORIGIN from Latin congenitus born together …   English terms dictionary

  • congenital — congenital. См. врожденный. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • congenital — index born (innate), genetic, hereditary, innate, native (inborn) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton …   Law dictionary

  • congenital — existing from birth, 1796, from L. congenitus, from com together, with (see COM (Cf. com )) + genitus, pp. of gignere to beget (see GENUS (Cf. genus)). The sense formerly belonged to congenial. Related: Congenitally …   Etymology dictionary

  • congenital — inborn, *innate, hereditary, inherited, inbred Analogous words: *inherent, constitutional, ingrained: *native Contrasted words: acquired (see GET): *accidental, adventitious …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • congenital — [adj] inborn complete, connate, connatural, constitutional, inbred, indigenous, indwelling, ingrained, inherent, inherited, innate, intrinsic, inveterate, latent, native, natural, thorough, unacquired, utter; concepts 314,549 Ant. contracted …   New thesaurus


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