Cryptococcus


Cryptococcus
A genus of yeastlike fungi that reproduce by budding. [crypto- + G. kokkos, berry]
- C. neoformans a species that causes cryptococcosis in humans and other mammals, particularly the cat family. Cells are spherical and reproduce by budding; a prominent feature is a polysaccharide capsule. C. neoformans var. neoformans has a worldwide distribution and can often be isolated from weathered pigeon droppings. C. neoformans var. gattii causes cryptococcosis in subtropical and tropical climates. This variety has been isolated from foliage and litter of species of eucalyptus.

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cryp·to·coc·cus -'käk-əs n
1) cap a genus of budding imperfect fungi that resemble yeasts and include a number of saprophytes and a few serious pathogens
2) pl -coc·ci -'käk-.(s)ī, -(.)(s any fungus of the genus Cryptococcus
cryp·to·coc·cal -'käk-əl adj

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n.
a genus of unicellular yeastlike fungi that cause disease in humans. They are found in soil (particularly when enriched with pigeon droppings), and they are common in pigeon roosts and nests. The species C. neoformans causes cryptococcosis.

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Cryp·to·coc·cus (krip″to-kokґəs) [crypto- + Gr. kokkos berry] a genus of yeastlike Fungi Imperfecti of the family Tremellaceae, which usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycelia as do Candida species.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cryptococcus — neoformans Systematik Abteilung: Basidienpilze (Basidio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cryptococcus — Ktz. soviel wie Saccharomyces, s. Hefe …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cryptococcus — Género de hongos levaduriformes que se reproducen por gemación más que por esporas. Existen varias especies patógenas; la más importante es C. neoformans. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A.… …   Diccionario médico

  • Cryptococcus — Not to be confused with Cryptosporidium. Cryptococcus Cryptococcus neoformans …   Wikipedia

  • Cryptococcus — Cryptococcose Cryptococcose CIM 10 : B45 Coupe histologique de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • cryptococcus — noun (plural cryptococci) Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1902 any of a genus (Cryptococcus) of budding imperfect fungi that resemble yeasts and include a number of saprophytes and a few serious pathogens • cryptococcal adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cryptococcus — cryptococcal, adj. /krip teuh kok euhs/, n. any yeastlike fungus of the genus Cryptococcus, including C. neoformans, the causative agent of cryptococcosis. [1833; < NL; see CRYPTO , COCCUS] * * * …   Universalium

  • cryptococcus — noun Any soil fungus of the genus Cryptococcus, many of which are pathogenic …   Wiktionary

  • Cryptococcus — Crypto|cọc|cus [gr. κρυπτος = verborgen u. ↑Kokke] m; : Gattung hefeähnlicher Pilze (Krankheitserreger). Crypto|cọc|cus neo|fọrmans: Pilzart aus der Gattung Cryptococcus, Erreger der ↑Kryptokokkose …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • cryptococcus — cryp•to•coc•cus [[t]ˌkrɪp təˈkɒk əs[/t]] n. pl. coc•ci [[t] ˈkɒk saɪ, si[/t]] mcr any yeastlike fungus of the genus Cryptococcus[/ex] • Etymology: 1833; < NL; see crypto , coccus cryp to•coc′cal, adj …   From formal English to slang


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