curvature


curvature
A bending or flexure. See angulation. SYN: curvatura. [L. curvatura, fr. curvo, pp. -atus, to bend, curve]
- angular c. a gibbous deformity, i.e., a sharp angulation of the spine, occurring in Pott disease. SYN: Pott c..
- anterior c. c. in which a more distal or cephalad part is deviated anteriorly with respect to the coronal anatomic plane.
- backward c. c. in which a more distal or cephalad part is deviated posteriorly with respect to the coronal anatomic plane. SYN: posterior c..
- gingival c. the rounding of the gum along its line of attachment to the neck of a tooth.
- greater c. of stomach [TA] the border of the stomach to which the greater omentum is attached. SYN: curvatura ventriculi major [TA].
- lateral c. c. in which a more distal part is deviated away from the anatomic sagittal plane, producing valgus alignment.
- lesser c. of stomach [TA] the right border of the stomach to which the lesser omentum is attached. SYN: curvatura ventriculi minor [TA].
- occlusal c. SYN: curve of occlusion.
- posterior c. SYN: backward c..
- Pott c. SYN: angular c..
- primary c. of vertebral column [TA] the ventrally concave curve of the fetal vertebral column, retained in the thoracic and sacral regions as the thoracic and sacral kyphoses. SEE ALSO: kyphosis. SYN: curvatura primaria columnae vertebralis [TA].
- secondary curvatures of vertebral column [TA] ventrally convex curves of the vertebral column that develop postnatally in the cervical and lumbar regions: the cervical and lumbar lordoses. SEE ALSO: lordosis. SYN: curvaturae secondariae columnae vertebralis [TA].

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cur·va·ture 'kər-və-.chu̇(ə)r, -chər, -.t(y)u̇(ə)r n
1) an abnormal curving (as of the spine) see KYPHOSIS, SCOLIOSIS
2) a curved surface of an organ (as the stomach) see GREATER CURVATURE, LESSER CURVATURE

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cur·va·ture (kurґvə-chər″) [L. curvatura] deviation from a rectilinear direction.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Curvature — Cur va*ture (k?r v? t?r; 135), n. [L. curvatura. See {Curvate}.] 1. The act of curving, or the state of being bent or curved; a curving or bending, normal or abnormal, as of a line or surface from a rectilinear direction; a bend; a curve. Cowper …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • curvature — [kʉr′və chər] n. [ME < L curvatura < curvare: see CURVE] 1. a curving or being curved 2. a curve; curved part of anything 3. Geom. the rate of deviation of a curve or curved surface from a straight line or plane surface tangent to it 4. Med …   English World dictionary

  • curvature — 1660s, from L. curvatura a bending, from curvatus, pp. of curvare to bend (see CURVE (Cf. curve)). In non Euclidian geometry, from 1873 …   Etymology dictionary

  • curvature — [n] rounded part of thing, usually body part arc, arch, arching, bend, bow, curve, curving, curvity, deflection, flexure, incurvation, round, shape; concepts 754,757 …   New thesaurus

  • curvature — ► NOUN ▪ the fact of being curved or the degree to which something is curved …   English terms dictionary

  • Curvature — In mathematics, curvature refers to any of a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry. Intuitively, curvature is the amount by which a geometric object deviates from being flat, or straight in the case of a line, but this …   Wikipedia

  • curvature — /kerr veuh cheuhr, choor /, n. 1. the act of curving or the state of being curved. 2. a curved condition, often abnormal: curvature of the spine. 3. the degree of curving of a line or surface. 4. Geom. a. (at a point on a curve) the derivative of …   Universalium

  • Curvature — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Curvature >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 curvature curvature curvity curvation Sgm: N 1 incurvature incurvature incurvity| Sgm: N 1 incurvation incurvation Sgm: N 1 bend bend Sgm: N 1 flexure …   English dictionary for students

  • curvature — cur|va|ture [ˈkə:vətʃə US ˈkə:rvətʃər] n [U and C] technical [Date: 1400 1500; : Latin; Origin: curvatura, from curvare; CURVE2] the state of being curved, or the degree to which something is curved curvature of ▪ the curvature of the Earth s… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • curvature — [[t]kɜ͟ː(r)vətʃə(r)[/t]] N UNCOUNT: oft N of n The curvature of something is its curved shape, especially when this shape is part of the circumference of a circle. [TECHNICAL] ...the curvature of the earth... He suffered from curvature of the… …   English dictionary

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