cyanohydrins


cyanohydrins
R—CHOH—CN; addition compounds of HCN and aldehydes. SYN: cyanalcohols.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Cyanohydrin — The structure of a general cyanohydrin. A cyanohydrin is a functional group found in organic compounds. Cyanohydrins have the formula R2C(OH)CN, where R is H, alkyl, or aryl. Cyanohydrins are industrially important precursors to carboxylic acids… …   Wikipedia

  • Nitrile anion — Nitrile anions are nitriles lacking a proton at the position α to the nitrile group. They undergo nucleophilic addition and substitution reactions with various electrophiles.[1] Although nitrile anions are functionally similar to enolates, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Hydrogen cyanide — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Cyanohydrin reaction — A Cyanohydrin reaction is an organic chemical reaction by an aldehyde or ketone with a cyanide anion or a nitrile to form a cyanohydrin. This nucleophilic addition is a reversible reaction but with aliphatic carbonyl compounds equilibrium is in… …   Wikipedia

  • Mandelonitrile — Mandelonitrile[1] IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Cyanide — This article is about the class of chemical compounds. For other uses, see Cyanide (disambiguation). The cyanide ion, CN−. From the top: 1. Valence bond structure 2. Space filling model 3. Electrostatic potential surface 4. Carbon lone pair… …   Wikipedia

  • Aldehyde — An aldehyde. Formaldehyde, the simplest aldehyde …   Wikipedia

  • Oxazole — IUPAC name 1,3 oxazole Identifiers …   Wikipedia

  • Benzoin condensation — The benzoin condensation is a condensation reaction between two aromatic aldehydes, particularly benzaldehyde. The reaction is catalyzed by a nucleophile such as the cyanide anion or an N heterocyclic carbene. The reaction product is an aromatic… …   Wikipedia

  • Sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide — Sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide …   Wikipedia