cycloserine


cycloserine
An antibiotic produced by strains of Streptomyces orchidaceus or S. garyphalus with a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity. SYN: orientomycin.

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cy·clo·ser·ine .sī-klō-'se(ə)r-.ēn, .sik-lō- n a broad-spectrum antibiotic C3H6N2O2 produced by an actinomycete of the genus Streptomyces (S. orchidaceus) and used esp. in the treatment of tuberculosis

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n.
an antibiotic, active against a wide range of bacteria, that may be used as supporting treatment in tuberculosis. It is administered by mouth; side-effects, which can be severe, include dizziness, drowsiness, convulsions, and mental confusion.

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cy·clo·ser·ine (si″klo-serґēn) [USP] a broad-spectrum antibiotic with tuberculostatic activity, produced by growth of Streptomyces orchidaceus or obtained by synthesis, occurring as a white to pale yellow, crystalline powder; effective against many gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, it is used in the treatment of tuberculosis, pulmonary and extrapulmonary, and sometimes in urinary tract infections due to susceptible pathogens; administered orally.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cycloserine — cycloserine. См. циклосерин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Cycloserine — Not to be confused with Cyclosarin. Cycloserine Systematic (IUPAC) name (R) 4 amino 1,2 oxazolidin 3 one Clinical data …   Wikipedia

  • cycloserine — cikloserinas statusas T sritis chemija formulė Formulę žr. priede. priedas( ai) Grafinis formatas atitikmenys: angl. cycloserine rus. циклосерин ryšiai: sinonimas – 4 amino 3 izoksazolidinonas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • cycloserine — noun an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus • Hypernyms: ↑antibiotic, ↑antibiotic drug * * * “+ noun Etymology: cycl + serine : an antibiotic C3H4NO2NH2 derived from isoxazole that is especially active against the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cycloserine — noun Date: 1952 a broad spectrum antibiotic C3H6N2O2 produced by an actinomycete (Streptomyces orchidaceus) and used especially in the treatment of tuberculosis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cycloserine — cy·clo·ser·ine (sī klō sĕrʹēn) n. An antibiotic effective against a wide range of bacteria, used especially in the treatment of tuberculosis and infections of the urinary tract. * * * …   Universalium

  • cycloserine — noun an antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis …   Wiktionary

  • cycloserine — cy·clo·serine …   English syllables

  • cycloserine — n. an antibiotic, active against a wide range of bacteria, that may be used as supporting treatment in tuberculosis. It is administered by mouth; side effects, which can be severe, include headache, dizziness, drowsiness, convulsions, and mental… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • cycloserine enrichment — cycloserine enrichment. См. обогащение с помощью циклосерина. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.